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Tunnelled versus straight intravitreal injection: intraocular pressure changes, vitreous reflux, and patient discomfort


Knecht, P B; Michels, S; Sturm, V; Bosch, M M; Menke, M N (2009). Tunnelled versus straight intravitreal injection: intraocular pressure changes, vitreous reflux, and patient discomfort. Retina, 29(8):1175-1181.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare tunnelled scleral intravitreal injection with straight scleral intravitreal injection concerning short-term intraocular pressure (IOP) changes, occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux, and patient discomfort. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly allocated to two groups (tunnelled intravitreal injection and straight intravitreal injection). IOP was measured before and directly (<1 minute) after the injection of 0.05 mL of an antivascular endothelial growth factor agent and then every 5 minutes until IOP was <30 mmHg. Occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux were recorded. Patient discomfort during injection was assessed with a Wong-Baker faces pain rating scale. RESULTS: IOP (mmHg +/- SD) increased significantly directly after injection to 35.97 +/- 8.13 (tunnelled intravitreal injection) and 30.19 +/- 12.14 (straight intravitreal injection). These pressure spikes differed significantly between both groups (P = 0.01, mean difference: -7.11). Five minutes after injection, there was no significant difference in IOP increase between the groups. All IOP measurements were <30 mmHg after 15 minutes. Occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux were significantly higher with straight intravitreal injection. There was no significant difference in Wong-Baker faces pain rating scale score between both groups. CONCLUSION: Tunnelled intravitreal injection seems to be the technique of choice for low-volume intravitreal injection (0.05 mL). There is neither a difference in patient discomfort nor a difference in IOP increase 5 minutes after injection between both groups. Significantly less vitreous reflux with tunnelled intravitreal injection should lead to less postinjectional drug loss.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare tunnelled scleral intravitreal injection with straight scleral intravitreal injection concerning short-term intraocular pressure (IOP) changes, occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux, and patient discomfort. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly allocated to two groups (tunnelled intravitreal injection and straight intravitreal injection). IOP was measured before and directly (<1 minute) after the injection of 0.05 mL of an antivascular endothelial growth factor agent and then every 5 minutes until IOP was <30 mmHg. Occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux were recorded. Patient discomfort during injection was assessed with a Wong-Baker faces pain rating scale. RESULTS: IOP (mmHg +/- SD) increased significantly directly after injection to 35.97 +/- 8.13 (tunnelled intravitreal injection) and 30.19 +/- 12.14 (straight intravitreal injection). These pressure spikes differed significantly between both groups (P = 0.01, mean difference: -7.11). Five minutes after injection, there was no significant difference in IOP increase between the groups. All IOP measurements were <30 mmHg after 15 minutes. Occurrence and amount of vitreous reflux were significantly higher with straight intravitreal injection. There was no significant difference in Wong-Baker faces pain rating scale score between both groups. CONCLUSION: Tunnelled intravitreal injection seems to be the technique of choice for low-volume intravitreal injection (0.05 mL). There is neither a difference in patient discomfort nor a difference in IOP increase 5 minutes after injection between both groups. Significantly less vitreous reflux with tunnelled intravitreal injection should lead to less postinjectional drug loss.

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21 citations in Web of Science®
21 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 09:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:34
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0275-004X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/IAE.0b013e3181aade74
PubMed ID:19734766

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