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The Effect of Hydroxyethyl Starches (HES 130/0.42 and HES 200/0.5) on Activated Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells


Wittlinger, M; Schläpfer, M; De Conno, E; Roth Z'graggen, B; Reyes, L; Booy, C; Schimmer, R C; Seifert, B; Burmeister, M A; Spahn, D R; Beck-Schimmer, B (2010). The Effect of Hydroxyethyl Starches (HES 130/0.42 and HES 200/0.5) on Activated Renal Tubular Epithelial Cells. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 110(2):531-540.

Abstract

Background: Acute renal failure is a frequent complication of sepsis. Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is widely used in the treatment of such patients. However, the effect of HES on renal function during sepsis remains controversial. We established an in vitro model of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-stimulated human proximal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells to assess the possible effects of HES 130/0.42 and HES 200/0.5 on these activated cells. Methods: HK-2 cells were stimulated with TNF-alpha in the presence or absence of HES 130/0.42 or 200/0.5. After 4, 10, and 18 h of incubation, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a key chemoattractant for neutrophils and macrophages, was measured. In addition, viability and cytotoxicity assays were performed. Results: MCP-1 expression was doubled upon TNF-alpha exposure. In the presence of 2% and 4% HES 200/0.5 in 98% (96%) medium over a stimulation time period of 10 h and 18 h, the MCP-1 concentration was decreased between 26% and 56% (P < 0.05). TNF-alpha stimulation resulted in a significant decrease of viability by 53%-63%, whereas viability decreased by only 32%-40% in coincubation with HES 130/0.42 (P < 0.005) and remained even less affected by TNF-alpha in the presence of HES 200/0.5 (P < 0.001). The TNF-alpha-induced cell death rate was attenuated in the presence of HES 200/0.5 (P < 0.05). Conclusions: This in vitro study shows that both HES products modulate cell injury upon inflammatory stimulation. The effect was more pronounced in the HES 200/0.5 group than for HES 130/0.42, suggesting a possible biological difference between the HES types.

Background: Acute renal failure is a frequent complication of sepsis. Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is widely used in the treatment of such patients. However, the effect of HES on renal function during sepsis remains controversial. We established an in vitro model of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-stimulated human proximal tubular epithelial (HK-2) cells to assess the possible effects of HES 130/0.42 and HES 200/0.5 on these activated cells. Methods: HK-2 cells were stimulated with TNF-alpha in the presence or absence of HES 130/0.42 or 200/0.5. After 4, 10, and 18 h of incubation, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a key chemoattractant for neutrophils and macrophages, was measured. In addition, viability and cytotoxicity assays were performed. Results: MCP-1 expression was doubled upon TNF-alpha exposure. In the presence of 2% and 4% HES 200/0.5 in 98% (96%) medium over a stimulation time period of 10 h and 18 h, the MCP-1 concentration was decreased between 26% and 56% (P < 0.05). TNF-alpha stimulation resulted in a significant decrease of viability by 53%-63%, whereas viability decreased by only 32%-40% in coincubation with HES 130/0.42 (P < 0.005) and remained even less affected by TNF-alpha in the presence of HES 200/0.5 (P < 0.001). The TNF-alpha-induced cell death rate was attenuated in the presence of HES 200/0.5 (P < 0.05). Conclusions: This in vitro study shows that both HES products modulate cell injury upon inflammatory stimulation. The effect was more pronounced in the HES 200/0.5 group than for HES 130/0.42, suggesting a possible biological difference between the HES types.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:12 November 2010
Deposited On:25 Nov 2009 16:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:34
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0003-2999
Additional Information:This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Anesthesia and Analgesia
Publisher DOI:10.1213/ANE.0b013e3181c03c97
Related URLs:http://www.anesthesia-analgesia.org/cgi/content/abstract/ANE.0b013e3181c03c97v1 (Publisher)
PubMed ID:19910630
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-24481

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