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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-24944

Vatter, A; Bernauer, J (2009). The Missing Dimension of Democracy: Institutional Patterns in 25 EU Member States between 1997 and 2006. European Union Politics, 10(3):335-359.

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By compiling data on 12 politico-institutional variables for 25 member states of the European Union over the years 1997—2006, we were able to investigate the emerging patterns of democracy in the European Union. The study addresses the questions of how direct democracy can be incorporated into Lijphart’s (1999) typology of consensus and majoritarian democracy and how empirical democratic patterns are affected by this extension. For the western democracies, three dimensions of democracy were extracted using principal component analysis, with two resembling those found by Lijphart (1999) and a third one being shaped by the interplay between direct democracy and cabinet type. East European democracies tend to have a lower degree of interest group corporatism, weaker central banks, stronger judicial review and stronger direct democracy.


7 citations in Web of Science®
8 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Political Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
Deposited On:30 Dec 2009 14:49
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:36
Publisher:Sage Publications
Publisher DOI:10.1177/1465116509337828

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