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Metabolic cleavage and translocation efficiency of selected cell penetrating peptides: a comparative study with epithelial cell cultures


Foerg, C; Weller, K M; Rechsteiner, H; Nielsen, H M; Fernández-Carneado, J; Brunisholz, R; Giralt, E; Merkle, H P (2008). Metabolic cleavage and translocation efficiency of selected cell penetrating peptides: a comparative study with epithelial cell cultures. The AAPS Journal, 10(2):349-359.

Abstract

We investigated the metabolic stability of four cell penetrating peptides (CPPs), namely SAP, hCT(9-32)-br, [Palpha] and [Pbeta], when in contact with either subconfluent HeLa, confluent MDCK or Calu-3 epithelial cell cultures. Additionally, through analysis of their cellular translocation efficiency, we evaluated possible relations between metabolic stability and translocation efficiency. Metabolic degradation kinetics and resulting metabolites were assessed using RP-HPLC and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Translocation efficiencies were determined using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Between HeLa, MDCK and Calu-3 we found the levels of proteolytic activities to be highly variable. However, for each peptide, the individual degradation patterns were quite similar. The metabolic stability of the investigated CPPs was in the order of CF-SAP = CF-hCT(9-32)-br > [Pbeta]-IAF > [Palpha] and we identified specific cleavage sites for each of the four peptides. Throughout, we observed higher translocation efficiencies into HeLa cells as compared to MDCK and Calu-3, corresponding to the lower state of differentiation of HeLa cell cultures. No direct relation between metabolic stability and translocation efficiency was found, indicating that metabolic stability in general is not a main limiting factor for efficient cellular translocation. Nevertheless, translocation of individual CPPs may be improved by structural modifications aiming at increased metabolic stability.

We investigated the metabolic stability of four cell penetrating peptides (CPPs), namely SAP, hCT(9-32)-br, [Palpha] and [Pbeta], when in contact with either subconfluent HeLa, confluent MDCK or Calu-3 epithelial cell cultures. Additionally, through analysis of their cellular translocation efficiency, we evaluated possible relations between metabolic stability and translocation efficiency. Metabolic degradation kinetics and resulting metabolites were assessed using RP-HPLC and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Translocation efficiencies were determined using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Between HeLa, MDCK and Calu-3 we found the levels of proteolytic activities to be highly variable. However, for each peptide, the individual degradation patterns were quite similar. The metabolic stability of the investigated CPPs was in the order of CF-SAP = CF-hCT(9-32)-br > [Pbeta]-IAF > [Palpha] and we identified specific cleavage sites for each of the four peptides. Throughout, we observed higher translocation efficiencies into HeLa cells as compared to MDCK and Calu-3, corresponding to the lower state of differentiation of HeLa cell cultures. No direct relation between metabolic stability and translocation efficiency was found, indicating that metabolic stability in general is not a main limiting factor for efficient cellular translocation. Nevertheless, translocation of individual CPPs may be improved by structural modifications aiming at increased metabolic stability.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
08 University Research Priority Programs > Systems Biology / Functional Genomics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:28 June 2008
Deposited On:06 Jan 2010 08:32
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:36
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1550-7416
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Free access at:Related URL. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1208/s12248-008-9029-4
Related URLs:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2751379
PubMed ID:18587651
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-25053

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