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Tracking and quantification of 32P-labeled phosphopeptides in liquid chromatography matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry


Tuerk, R D; Auchli, Y; Thali, R F; Scholz, R; Wallimann, T; Brunisholz, R A; Neumann, D (2009). Tracking and quantification of 32P-labeled phosphopeptides in liquid chromatography matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Analytical Biochemistry, 390(2):141-148.

Abstract

Phosphoamino acid modifications on substrate proteins are critical components of protein kinase signaling pathways. Thus, diverse methodologies have been developed and applied to identify the sites of phosphorylated amino acids within proteins. Despite significant progress in the field, even the determination of phosphorylated residues in a given highly purified protein is not a matter of routine and can be difficult and time-consuming. Here we present a practicable approach that integrates into a liquid chromatography matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (LC-MALDI MS) workflow and allows localization and quantification of phosphorylated peptides on the MALDI target plate prior to MS analysis. Tryptic digests of radiolabeled proteins are fractionated by reversed-phase LC directly onto disposable MALDI target plates, followed by autoradiographic imaging. Visualization of the radiolabel enables focused analysis of selected spots, thereby accelerating the process of phosphorylation site mapping by decreasing the number of spectra to be acquired. Moreover, absolute quantification of the phosphorylated peptides is permitted by the use of appropriate standards. Finally, the manual sample handling is minimal, and consequently the risk of adsorptive sample loss is very low. Application of the procedure allowed the targeted identification of six novel autophosphorylation sites of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and displayed additional unknown phosphorylated peptide species not amenable to detection by MS. Furthermore, autoradiography revealed topologically inhomogeneous distribution of phosphorylated peptides within individual spots. However, accurate analysis of defined areas within single spots suggests that, rather than such quantitative differences, mainly the manner of matrix crystallization significantly affects ionization of phosphopeptides.

Phosphoamino acid modifications on substrate proteins are critical components of protein kinase signaling pathways. Thus, diverse methodologies have been developed and applied to identify the sites of phosphorylated amino acids within proteins. Despite significant progress in the field, even the determination of phosphorylated residues in a given highly purified protein is not a matter of routine and can be difficult and time-consuming. Here we present a practicable approach that integrates into a liquid chromatography matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (LC-MALDI MS) workflow and allows localization and quantification of phosphorylated peptides on the MALDI target plate prior to MS analysis. Tryptic digests of radiolabeled proteins are fractionated by reversed-phase LC directly onto disposable MALDI target plates, followed by autoradiographic imaging. Visualization of the radiolabel enables focused analysis of selected spots, thereby accelerating the process of phosphorylation site mapping by decreasing the number of spectra to be acquired. Moreover, absolute quantification of the phosphorylated peptides is permitted by the use of appropriate standards. Finally, the manual sample handling is minimal, and consequently the risk of adsorptive sample loss is very low. Application of the procedure allowed the targeted identification of six novel autophosphorylation sites of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and displayed additional unknown phosphorylated peptide species not amenable to detection by MS. Furthermore, autoradiography revealed topologically inhomogeneous distribution of phosphorylated peptides within individual spots. However, accurate analysis of defined areas within single spots suggests that, rather than such quantitative differences, mainly the manner of matrix crystallization significantly affects ionization of phosphopeptides.

Citations

11 citations in Web of Science®
13 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
08 University Research Priority Programs > Systems Biology / Functional Genomics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:02 Dec 2009 16:58
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:36
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0003-2697
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.ab.2009.04.015
PubMed ID:19376078

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