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Clock gene modulation by TNF-alpha depends on calcium and p38 MAP kinase signaling


Petrzilka, S; Taraborrelli, C; Cavadini, G; Fontana, A; Birchler, T (2009). Clock gene modulation by TNF-alpha depends on calcium and p38 MAP kinase signaling. Journal of Biological Rhythms, 24(4):283-294.

Abstract

A 24-h treatment with the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) suppresses transcription of E-box-driven clock genes (D-site albumin promoter binding protein, Dbp; Tyrotroph embryonic factor, Tef ; Hepatic leukemia factor, Hlf; Period homolog to Drosophila 1/2/3, Per1, Per2, and Per3) by yet unknown molecular mechanisms. The attenuation of clock genes has been suggested as a putative cause for the development of sickness behavior syndrome in infectious and autoimmune diseases. Here, the authors studied the effect of TNF-alpha at early time points (<3 h) on intracellular signaling events and clock gene expression in fibroblasts. Interaction of TNF-alpha with TNFR1 (Tnfrsf1a , CD120a, p55), but not TNFR2 (Tnfrsf1b, CD120b , p75), leads to fast downregulation of gene expression of Dbp and upregulation of negative regulators of the molecular clock, Per1 and Per2, Cryptochrome-1 (Cry1), and Differentiated embryo chondrocytes-1 (Dec1). Since the decrease of Dbp is also observed in cells deficient for Per1/Per2, Cry1/Cry2 , or Dec1, these genes are unlikely to be responsible for inhibition of Dbp. The early effect of TNF-alpha on the clock gene Per1 is dependent on p38, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and/or calcium signaling, whereas the effect on Dbp is independent of p38 MAPK, but also involves calcium signaling. Both genes remain unaffected by the NF-kappaB and AP-1 pathway. Taken collectively these data show p38 MAPK- and calcium-dependent TNFR1-mediated transient increase of the negative regulator Per1 and an independent decrease of Dbp.

A 24-h treatment with the cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) suppresses transcription of E-box-driven clock genes (D-site albumin promoter binding protein, Dbp; Tyrotroph embryonic factor, Tef ; Hepatic leukemia factor, Hlf; Period homolog to Drosophila 1/2/3, Per1, Per2, and Per3) by yet unknown molecular mechanisms. The attenuation of clock genes has been suggested as a putative cause for the development of sickness behavior syndrome in infectious and autoimmune diseases. Here, the authors studied the effect of TNF-alpha at early time points (<3 h) on intracellular signaling events and clock gene expression in fibroblasts. Interaction of TNF-alpha with TNFR1 (Tnfrsf1a , CD120a, p55), but not TNFR2 (Tnfrsf1b, CD120b , p75), leads to fast downregulation of gene expression of Dbp and upregulation of negative regulators of the molecular clock, Per1 and Per2, Cryptochrome-1 (Cry1), and Differentiated embryo chondrocytes-1 (Dec1). Since the decrease of Dbp is also observed in cells deficient for Per1/Per2, Cry1/Cry2 , or Dec1, these genes are unlikely to be responsible for inhibition of Dbp. The early effect of TNF-alpha on the clock gene Per1 is dependent on p38, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and/or calcium signaling, whereas the effect on Dbp is independent of p38 MAPK, but also involves calcium signaling. Both genes remain unaffected by the NF-kappaB and AP-1 pathway. Taken collectively these data show p38 MAPK- and calcium-dependent TNFR1-mediated transient increase of the negative regulator Per1 and an independent decrease of Dbp.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:10 Dec 2009 11:29
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:36
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:0748-7304
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0748730409336579
PubMed ID:19625730
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-25230

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