UZH-Logo

Astigmatic change in biaxial microincisional cataract surgery with enlargement of one incision: a prospective controlled study


Kaufmann, C; Thiel, M A; Estermann, A; Dougherty, P J; Goggin, M (2009). Astigmatic change in biaxial microincisional cataract surgery with enlargement of one incision: a prospective controlled study. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 37(3):254-261.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the astigmatic changes induced by biaxial microincisional cataract surgery with enlargement of one incision to accommodate a foldable standard lens. METHODS: In a prospective controlled trial one eye each of 50 patients was evaluated. Two temporal microincisions were applied and the right-hand incision was enlarged to 2.8 mm to allow for the insertion of the lens. Based on preoperative and postoperative keratometry readings, vector analysis was performed to calculate the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) and the flattening effect of each of the two incisions at their meridia. To assess the degree of measurement error, a non-surgical control group underwent keratometry over the same time frame and vector analysis was used to calculate the same indices based on the variation in the keratometry readings. RESULTS: Six weeks postoperatively, mean SIA was 0.66 +/- 0.08 D in the study group and 0.51 +/- 0.05 D in the non-surgical control group (P = 0.041). At the right-hand incision, a flattening of 0.34 +/- 0.09 D was measured in the study group as opposed to a steepening of 0.03 +/- 0.06 D in the control group (P < 0.001). At the smaller left-hand incision, steepening effects of 0.28 +/- 0.08 and 0.05 +/- 0.06 D occurred, respectively (P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: Biaxial microincisional cataract surgery with enlargement of one incision to 2.8 mm is not astigmatically neutral, demonstrating a statistically significantly larger SIA than that attributable to measurement error.

PURPOSE: To investigate the astigmatic changes induced by biaxial microincisional cataract surgery with enlargement of one incision to accommodate a foldable standard lens. METHODS: In a prospective controlled trial one eye each of 50 patients was evaluated. Two temporal microincisions were applied and the right-hand incision was enlarged to 2.8 mm to allow for the insertion of the lens. Based on preoperative and postoperative keratometry readings, vector analysis was performed to calculate the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) and the flattening effect of each of the two incisions at their meridia. To assess the degree of measurement error, a non-surgical control group underwent keratometry over the same time frame and vector analysis was used to calculate the same indices based on the variation in the keratometry readings. RESULTS: Six weeks postoperatively, mean SIA was 0.66 +/- 0.08 D in the study group and 0.51 +/- 0.05 D in the non-surgical control group (P = 0.041). At the right-hand incision, a flattening of 0.34 +/- 0.09 D was measured in the study group as opposed to a steepening of 0.03 +/- 0.06 D in the control group (P < 0.001). At the smaller left-hand incision, steepening effects of 0.28 +/- 0.08 and 0.05 +/- 0.06 D occurred, respectively (P = 0.011). CONCLUSION: Biaxial microincisional cataract surgery with enlargement of one incision to 2.8 mm is not astigmatically neutral, demonstrating a statistically significantly larger SIA than that attributable to measurement error.

Citations

2 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

2 downloads since deposited on 14 Dec 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Ophthalmology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:14 Dec 2009 10:26
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:37
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1442-6404
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher DOI:10.1111/j.1442-9071.2009.02028.x
PubMed ID:19472534
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-25337

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations