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Zahngesundheit von Erwachsenen im Kanton Zürich


Menghini, G; Steiner, M; Helfenstein, U; Imfeld, C; Brodowski, D; Hoyer, C; Hofmann, B; Furrer, R; Imfeld, T (2002). Zahngesundheit von Erwachsenen im Kanton Zürich. Schweizer Monatsschrift für Zahnmedizin SMfZ, 112(7):708-717.

Abstract

In 1992 and 1999, dental health in 20- to 79-year-old adults from the canton of Zurich was assessed with a standardized method (WHO). The aim was to establish the current state and changes of dental health. Roughly half of the 852 approached adults selected by chance did take part. In 1992 and 1999, the mean number of unfilled, decayed teeth (DT) was on a low level in all age classes (0.2 to 1.8 depending on age class and examination year). The number of missing teeth (MT) in older adults (60-79) was on a high level (8.8 to 13.4). The number of filled teeth (FT) was highest (14.8 to 16.2) in middle-aged adults (40-59). Total loss of teeth was found only in older adults (60-79). Lack of a "functional" own dentition (5 teeth present in each quadrant) was found in roughly half of the 60- to 69-year-olds and two thirds of the 70- to 79-year-olds. In 1999, the state of the roots and loss of attachment was assessed. Wedge-shaped defects were found in more than half of the middle-aged adults (40-59). Carious roots were found in more than half of the 70- to 79-year-olds. Nearly half of the 70- to 79-year-old participants showed "severe" loss of attachment (> or = 6 mm). In the short period from 1992 to 1999, a significant decrease of 3.7 DMFT was found in 20- to 49-year-old adults. The decrease of 0.9 MT and 2.1 FT means also a decrease in treatment need in this age segment. In contrast, in the 50- to 79-year-olds no change in dental health could be established.

In 1992 and 1999, dental health in 20- to 79-year-old adults from the canton of Zurich was assessed with a standardized method (WHO). The aim was to establish the current state and changes of dental health. Roughly half of the 852 approached adults selected by chance did take part. In 1992 and 1999, the mean number of unfilled, decayed teeth (DT) was on a low level in all age classes (0.2 to 1.8 depending on age class and examination year). The number of missing teeth (MT) in older adults (60-79) was on a high level (8.8 to 13.4). The number of filled teeth (FT) was highest (14.8 to 16.2) in middle-aged adults (40-59). Total loss of teeth was found only in older adults (60-79). Lack of a "functional" own dentition (5 teeth present in each quadrant) was found in roughly half of the 60- to 69-year-olds and two thirds of the 70- to 79-year-olds. In 1999, the state of the roots and loss of attachment was assessed. Wedge-shaped defects were found in more than half of the middle-aged adults (40-59). Carious roots were found in more than half of the 70- to 79-year-olds. Nearly half of the 70- to 79-year-old participants showed "severe" loss of attachment (> or = 6 mm). In the short period from 1992 to 1999, a significant decrease of 3.7 DMFT was found in 20- to 49-year-old adults. The decrease of 0.9 MT and 2.1 FT means also a decrease in treatment need in this age segment. In contrast, in the 50- to 79-year-olds no change in dental health could be established.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Dental health of adults in the Zurich Canton
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:July 2002
Deposited On:10 Jun 2008 12:14
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:23
Publisher:Schweizerische Zahnärzte-Gesellschft
ISSN:0256-2855
Additional Information:Free full text article
Official URL:http://www.sso.ch/doc/doc_download.cfm?uuid=8829076AD9D9424C4B48311BEB565506
PubMed ID:12185725
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-2558

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