UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype and LDL size and subclasses in drug-naïve patients with early rheumatoid arthritis


Rizzo, M; Spinas, G A; Cesur, M; Ozbalkan, Z; Rini, G B; Berneis, K (2009). Atherogenic lipoprotein phenotype and LDL size and subclasses in drug-naïve patients with early rheumatoid arthritis. Atherosclerosis, 207(2):502-506.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased cardiovascular risk and may show atherogenic forms of dyslipidemia. The present study investigated whether patients with early RA, beyond alterations in plasma lipids, also show lower LDL size and altered LDL subclass distribution. DESIGN AND METHODS: We identified 25 subjects with RA (47+/-8 years, body mass index (BMI) 25+/-4kg/m(2)) by the American College of Rheumatology diagnostic criteria, with a disease durations <1 year and no prior treatment against it. In patients and 22 healthy subjects matched for age and BMI (controls) we measured plasma lipids and LDL size and subclasses by gradient gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: As compared to controls RA patients had higher plasma triglycerides (1.8+/-0.5 vs. 1.0+/-0.5mmol/L, p<0.0001) and lower HDL-cholesterol concentrations (1.2+/-0.2 vs. 1.4+/-0.2mmol/L, p=0.0027), while total- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations were similar. LDL particle size was lower in RA patients than controls (264+/-7 vs. 281+/-9A, p<0.0001), due to less LDL-I (31+/-6 vs. 38+/-7%, p=0.0004) and LDL-IIA (14+/-3 vs. 16+/-3%, p=0.0182), and more LDL-IIIB (7+/-1 vs. 5+/-1%), -IVA (11+/-2 vs. 8+/-2%) and -IVB particles (12+/-2 vs. 9+/-2%,) (p<0.0001 for all). Further, about 1/3 of patients showed the complete "atherogenic-lipoprotein-phenotype" (e.g. the concomitant presence of high triglycerides, low HDL-cholesterol and elevated small, dense LDL). CONCLUSIONS: Beyond plasma lipids, increased levels of small, dense LDL seems to be common in drug-naïve patients with early RA. Yet, whether these findings affect the atherogenic process and the clinical endpoints in these subjects remains to be determined by future prospective studies.

OBJECTIVE: Subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased cardiovascular risk and may show atherogenic forms of dyslipidemia. The present study investigated whether patients with early RA, beyond alterations in plasma lipids, also show lower LDL size and altered LDL subclass distribution. DESIGN AND METHODS: We identified 25 subjects with RA (47+/-8 years, body mass index (BMI) 25+/-4kg/m(2)) by the American College of Rheumatology diagnostic criteria, with a disease durations <1 year and no prior treatment against it. In patients and 22 healthy subjects matched for age and BMI (controls) we measured plasma lipids and LDL size and subclasses by gradient gel electrophoresis. RESULTS: As compared to controls RA patients had higher plasma triglycerides (1.8+/-0.5 vs. 1.0+/-0.5mmol/L, p<0.0001) and lower HDL-cholesterol concentrations (1.2+/-0.2 vs. 1.4+/-0.2mmol/L, p=0.0027), while total- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations were similar. LDL particle size was lower in RA patients than controls (264+/-7 vs. 281+/-9A, p<0.0001), due to less LDL-I (31+/-6 vs. 38+/-7%, p=0.0004) and LDL-IIA (14+/-3 vs. 16+/-3%, p=0.0182), and more LDL-IIIB (7+/-1 vs. 5+/-1%), -IVA (11+/-2 vs. 8+/-2%) and -IVB particles (12+/-2 vs. 9+/-2%,) (p<0.0001 for all). Further, about 1/3 of patients showed the complete "atherogenic-lipoprotein-phenotype" (e.g. the concomitant presence of high triglycerides, low HDL-cholesterol and elevated small, dense LDL). CONCLUSIONS: Beyond plasma lipids, increased levels of small, dense LDL seems to be common in drug-naïve patients with early RA. Yet, whether these findings affect the atherogenic process and the clinical endpoints in these subjects remains to be determined by future prospective studies.

Citations

30 citations in Web of Science®
36 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 16 Dec 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:16 Dec 2009 10:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0021-9150
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2009.07.015
PubMed ID:19643412
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-25624

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 155kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations