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CD123-positive plasmacytoid dendritic cells in primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma: diagnostic and pathogenetic implications


Kutzner, H; Kerl, H; Pfaltz, M C; Kempf, W (2009). CD123-positive plasmacytoid dendritic cells in primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma: diagnostic and pathogenetic implications. American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 33(9):1307-1313.

Abstract

The histogenesis of primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (PCMZL) has not yet been clarified. Plasma-cytoid dendritic cells (PDC) play a crucial role in the initiation of immune responses and activation of T-cells and B-cells. We analyzed the presence of PDC by immunohistochemistry in various forms of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas and in B-cell pseudolymphomas. Clusters of CD123+PDC were observed in all PCMZL (23 of 23 cases; 100%) and in two-thirds of cutaneous B-cell pseudolymphomas (14 of 22; 64%), but only in a minority of primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (4 of 31; 13%) and not in primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type. CD123+ PDC clusters were found in close proximity to monoclonal plasma cells and T-cells and were already present at high numbers in early lesions and initial recurrences of PCMZL. In conclusion, the detection of larger clusters of PDC in PCMZL provides a useful adjunctive diagnostic marker and suggests a pathogenetically relevant role of these cells in PCMZL. Furthermore, the occurrence of PDC could explain the high number of T-cells typically found in PCMZL. We propose considering PCMZL as a unique and potentially antigen-driven neoplasm with PDC, T-cells, and B-cells as the constitutive tumor components.

The histogenesis of primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (PCMZL) has not yet been clarified. Plasma-cytoid dendritic cells (PDC) play a crucial role in the initiation of immune responses and activation of T-cells and B-cells. We analyzed the presence of PDC by immunohistochemistry in various forms of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas and in B-cell pseudolymphomas. Clusters of CD123+PDC were observed in all PCMZL (23 of 23 cases; 100%) and in two-thirds of cutaneous B-cell pseudolymphomas (14 of 22; 64%), but only in a minority of primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma (4 of 31; 13%) and not in primary cutaneous diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, leg type. CD123+ PDC clusters were found in close proximity to monoclonal plasma cells and T-cells and were already present at high numbers in early lesions and initial recurrences of PCMZL. In conclusion, the detection of larger clusters of PDC in PCMZL provides a useful adjunctive diagnostic marker and suggests a pathogenetically relevant role of these cells in PCMZL. Furthermore, the occurrence of PDC could explain the high number of T-cells typically found in PCMZL. We propose considering PCMZL as a unique and potentially antigen-driven neoplasm with PDC, T-cells, and B-cells as the constitutive tumor components.

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25 citations in Web of Science®
29 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:14 Dec 2009 09:36
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:38
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0147-5185
Publisher DOI:10.1097/PAS.0b013e3181a6ae1e
PubMed ID:19718787

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