UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

A new case of ALG8 deficiency (CDG Ih)


Vesela, K; Honzik, T; Hansikova, H; Haeuptle, M A; Semberova, J; Stranak, Z; Hennet, T; Zeman, J (2009). A new case of ALG8 deficiency (CDG Ih). Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease, 32(S1):259-264.

Abstract

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) represent an expanding group of inherited diseases. One of them, ALG8 deficiency (CDG Ih), leads to protein N-glycosylation defects caused by malfunction of glucosyltransferase 2 (Dol-P-Glc:Glc1-Man(9)-GlcNAc(2)-P-P-Dol glucosyltransferase) resulting in inefficient addition of the second glucose residue onto lipid-linked oligosaccharides. So far, only five patients have been described with ALG8 deficiency. We present a new patient with neonatal onset. The girl was born at the 29th week of gestation complicated by oligohydramnios. Although the early postnatal adaptation was uneventful (Apgar score 8 and 9 at 5 and 10 min), generalized oedema, multifocal myoclonic seizures, and bleeding due to combined coagulopathy were present from the first day. Diarrhoea progressing to protein-losing enteropathy with ascites and pericardial effusion developed in the third week of life. Pharmacoresistant seizures and cortical, cerebellar and optic nerve atrophy indicated neurological involvement. No symptoms of liver disease except coagulopathy were observed; however, steatofibrosis with cholestasis was found at autopsy. The girl died at the age of 2 months owing to the progressive general oedema, bleeding and cardio-respiratory insufficiency. Molecular analysis revealed two heterozygous mutations in the ALG8 gene: c.139A>C (p.T47P) and the novel mutation c.1090C>T (p.R364X). Conclusion: The prognosis of patients with ALG8 deficiency is unfavourable. The majority of affected children have early onset of the disease with heterogeneous symptoms including multiple organ dysfunction, coagulopathy and protein-losing enteropathy. Neurological impairment is not a general clinical symptom, but it has to be taken into consideration when thinking about ALG8 deficiency.

Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) represent an expanding group of inherited diseases. One of them, ALG8 deficiency (CDG Ih), leads to protein N-glycosylation defects caused by malfunction of glucosyltransferase 2 (Dol-P-Glc:Glc1-Man(9)-GlcNAc(2)-P-P-Dol glucosyltransferase) resulting in inefficient addition of the second glucose residue onto lipid-linked oligosaccharides. So far, only five patients have been described with ALG8 deficiency. We present a new patient with neonatal onset. The girl was born at the 29th week of gestation complicated by oligohydramnios. Although the early postnatal adaptation was uneventful (Apgar score 8 and 9 at 5 and 10 min), generalized oedema, multifocal myoclonic seizures, and bleeding due to combined coagulopathy were present from the first day. Diarrhoea progressing to protein-losing enteropathy with ascites and pericardial effusion developed in the third week of life. Pharmacoresistant seizures and cortical, cerebellar and optic nerve atrophy indicated neurological involvement. No symptoms of liver disease except coagulopathy were observed; however, steatofibrosis with cholestasis was found at autopsy. The girl died at the age of 2 months owing to the progressive general oedema, bleeding and cardio-respiratory insufficiency. Molecular analysis revealed two heterozygous mutations in the ALG8 gene: c.139A>C (p.T47P) and the novel mutation c.1090C>T (p.R364X). Conclusion: The prognosis of patients with ALG8 deficiency is unfavourable. The majority of affected children have early onset of the disease with heterogeneous symptoms including multiple organ dysfunction, coagulopathy and protein-losing enteropathy. Neurological impairment is not a general clinical symptom, but it has to be taken into consideration when thinking about ALG8 deficiency.

Citations

3 citations in Web of Science®
3 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

92 downloads since deposited on 16 Dec 2009
26 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:16 Dec 2009 13:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:38
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0141-8955
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10545-009-1203-z
PubMed ID:19688606
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-25738

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 42kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations