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HPLC and mass spectrometry analysis of dolichol-phosphates at the cell culture scale


Haeuptle, M A; Hülsmeier, A J; Hennet, T (2010). HPLC and mass spectrometry analysis of dolichol-phosphates at the cell culture scale. Analytical Biochemistry, 396(1):133-138.

Abstract

Dolichols (Dol) are polyprenol lipids that are essential structural components of eukaryotic membranes. In addition, the phosphorylated derivatives of Dol function as lipid anchors of mono- and oligosaccharide precursors involved in protein glycosylation. The biological importance of Dol phosphates (Dol-P) is illustrated by the severe outcome of human disorders linked to Dol biosynthetic defects, such as Dol-kinase deficiency. For characterization of inherited human diseases and evaluation of therapeutic trials, cultured cells often serve as a sole possible source for experimentation. Limited amounts of cell culture material render the quantitative analysis of Dol a challenging task. Here, we present HPLC- and mass spectrometry-based approaches to analyze and quantitate Dol-P from cultured human cells. The composition of naturally occurring Dol-P and the saturation state of the alpha-isoprene units was identified by negative-ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Furthermore, fluorescently labeled Dol-P were separated by HPLC and quantified by comparison to known amounts of the internal standard polyprenol-P. The effect of pravastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme-A reductase inhibitor, on the formation of Dol-P in HeLa cells was investigated. As expected, this treatment led to a decrease of Dol-P down to 35% of normal levels.

Dolichols (Dol) are polyprenol lipids that are essential structural components of eukaryotic membranes. In addition, the phosphorylated derivatives of Dol function as lipid anchors of mono- and oligosaccharide precursors involved in protein glycosylation. The biological importance of Dol phosphates (Dol-P) is illustrated by the severe outcome of human disorders linked to Dol biosynthetic defects, such as Dol-kinase deficiency. For characterization of inherited human diseases and evaluation of therapeutic trials, cultured cells often serve as a sole possible source for experimentation. Limited amounts of cell culture material render the quantitative analysis of Dol a challenging task. Here, we present HPLC- and mass spectrometry-based approaches to analyze and quantitate Dol-P from cultured human cells. The composition of naturally occurring Dol-P and the saturation state of the alpha-isoprene units was identified by negative-ion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Furthermore, fluorescently labeled Dol-P were separated by HPLC and quantified by comparison to known amounts of the internal standard polyprenol-P. The effect of pravastatin, a 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme-A reductase inhibitor, on the formation of Dol-P in HeLa cells was investigated. As expected, this treatment led to a decrease of Dol-P down to 35% of normal levels.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 January 2010
Deposited On:22 Jan 2010 06:33
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0003-2697
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.ab.2009.09.020
PubMed ID:19761748
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-25742

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