Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-26144
Kraemer, B; Wittmann, L; Jenewein, J; Maier, T; Schnyder, U (2009). Is the stressor criterion dispensable?: a contribution to the criterion A debate from a Swiss sample of survivors of the 2004 tsunami. Psychopathology, 42(5):333-336.
- Registered users only
View at publisher
BACKGROUND: The stressor criterion (criterion A) in the DSM-IV diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is frequently questioned. To explore the clinical and diagnostic usefulness of criterion A, we examined its value in predicting and capturing PTSD symptom clusters (criteria B-D) in a sample of trauma survivors. METHOD: We studied 342 adult German-speaking Swiss tourists affected by the 2004 tsunami. We analyzed sensitivity and specificity, predictive value and variance explanation of criterion A for evoking PTSD criteria B-D. RESULTS: Sensitivity of criterion A for PTSD criteria B-D was 93.2%, while positive predictive value was 23.1%. Criterion A made a small, yet statistically significant contribution of 7.5% for PTSD symptom clusters B-D. CONCLUSION: The assessment of criterion A (A1 and A2) is not necessary for the identification of individuals suffering from PTSD symptoms according to DSM-IV. We suggest therefore that criterion A is a dispensable part of the diagnosis of PTSD.
1 download since deposited on 22 Dec 2009
0 downloads since 12 months
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy|
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||22 Dec 2009 11:53|
|Last Modified:||20 Dec 2013 20:41|
Users (please log in): suggest update or correction for this item
Repository Staff Only: item control page