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Streiken im austrofaschistischen "Ständestaat" 1934-1938


Koller, C (2009). Streiken im austrofaschistischen "Ständestaat" 1934-1938. Vierteljahresschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 96:320-335.

Abstract

The history of the Austrian "Ständestaat", whose character is still debated, is closely linked to the phenomenon of strike. Although the analysis of strike activities has the potential to contribute to the discussion about this political system's functioning, scholars did not pay much attention to the topic yet. This article gives an overview on the institutional pattern of industrial relations in Austro-Fascism, tries to reconstruct the tendencies of striking in Austria between 1934 and 1938 and analyses the case study of the 1936 strikes in the Viennese car industry comparing them to the same year's Opel strike in Nazi Germany. On balance, the example of striking shows that Austro-Fascism was a rather chaotic system, which never managed to implement even the cornerstones of its own ideology. Neither did the system of forced arbitration ever work, nor was it in concrete conflicts foreseeable whether the government would react with mediation or try to suppress workers' protest.

The history of the Austrian "Ständestaat", whose character is still debated, is closely linked to the phenomenon of strike. Although the analysis of strike activities has the potential to contribute to the discussion about this political system's functioning, scholars did not pay much attention to the topic yet. This article gives an overview on the institutional pattern of industrial relations in Austro-Fascism, tries to reconstruct the tendencies of striking in Austria between 1934 and 1938 and analyses the case study of the 1936 strikes in the Viennese car industry comparing them to the same year's Opel strike in Nazi Germany. On balance, the example of striking shows that Austro-Fascism was a rather chaotic system, which never managed to implement even the cornerstones of its own ideology. Neither did the system of forced arbitration ever work, nor was it in concrete conflicts foreseeable whether the government would react with mediation or try to suppress workers' protest.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of History
Dewey Decimal Classification:900 History
Language:German
Date:July 2009
Deposited On:15 Feb 2010 10:54
Last Modified:14 Sep 2016 13:40
Publisher:Steiner
ISSN:0340-8728
Official URL:http://www.steiner-verlag.de/VSWG/VSWG4.html
Related URLs:http://www.steiner-verlag.de/
(Publisher)
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-26213

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