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Toll-like receptor 4 gene polymorphism modulates phenotypic expression in patients with hereditary hemochromatosis


Krayenbuehl, P A; Hersberger, M; Truninger, K; Müllhaupt, B; Maly, F E; Bargetzi, M; Schulthess, G (2010). Toll-like receptor 4 gene polymorphism modulates phenotypic expression in patients with hereditary hemochromatosis. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 22(7):835-841.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Clinical penetrance of hereditary hemochromatosis is highly variable. We hypothesized that it might be modified by factors involved in the cellular immune response, such as toll-like receptors (TLRs) or nucleotide oligomerization domain proteins (NODs). METHODS: Clinical expression of hemochromatosis was assessed as a function of TLR4, TLR9, and NOD2 polymorphisms in 99 homozygous carriers of the HFE C282Y mutation with mild-to-severe iron overload. RESULTS: Thirteen (13%) of the 99 hemochromatosis patients were heterozygous for a TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism and 86 (87%) were TLR4 wild-type-only carriers. Clinical expression of hemochromatosis was observed more frequently in carriers of the TLR4 polymorphism (100%) than in TLR4 wild-type carriers (56%, P = 0.002). This was based on higher prevalences of liver disease (92 vs. 45%, P = 0.002) and arthropathy of metacarpophalangeal joints (69 vs. 35%, P = 0.018) in TLR4 polymorphism carriers. The finding was strengthened by the strong association of TLR4 polymorphism with liver fibrosis in the subgroup of 52 patients who underwent a liver biopsy (P = 0.011). The TLR4 polymorphism did, however, not correlate with body iron overload. The study results remained significant in multiple regression analyses after excluding possible confounding effects, such as age, sex, alcohol, or meat intake, and in the subgroup of 84 patients presenting as the first members of their families. CONCLUSION: TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism modulates clinical expression in patients with hereditary hemochromatosis. The polymorphism does not correlate with iron overload suggesting that TLR4 plays a role in an inflammatory process arising from toxic effects of iron accumulation.

BACKGROUND: Clinical penetrance of hereditary hemochromatosis is highly variable. We hypothesized that it might be modified by factors involved in the cellular immune response, such as toll-like receptors (TLRs) or nucleotide oligomerization domain proteins (NODs). METHODS: Clinical expression of hemochromatosis was assessed as a function of TLR4, TLR9, and NOD2 polymorphisms in 99 homozygous carriers of the HFE C282Y mutation with mild-to-severe iron overload. RESULTS: Thirteen (13%) of the 99 hemochromatosis patients were heterozygous for a TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism and 86 (87%) were TLR4 wild-type-only carriers. Clinical expression of hemochromatosis was observed more frequently in carriers of the TLR4 polymorphism (100%) than in TLR4 wild-type carriers (56%, P = 0.002). This was based on higher prevalences of liver disease (92 vs. 45%, P = 0.002) and arthropathy of metacarpophalangeal joints (69 vs. 35%, P = 0.018) in TLR4 polymorphism carriers. The finding was strengthened by the strong association of TLR4 polymorphism with liver fibrosis in the subgroup of 52 patients who underwent a liver biopsy (P = 0.011). The TLR4 polymorphism did, however, not correlate with body iron overload. The study results remained significant in multiple regression analyses after excluding possible confounding effects, such as age, sex, alcohol, or meat intake, and in the subgroup of 84 patients presenting as the first members of their families. CONCLUSION: TLR4 Asp299Gly polymorphism modulates clinical expression in patients with hereditary hemochromatosis. The polymorphism does not correlate with iron overload suggesting that TLR4 plays a role in an inflammatory process arising from toxic effects of iron accumulation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2010
Deposited On:06 Jan 2010 08:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:41
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0954-691X
Publisher DOI:10.1097/MEG.0b013e3283322067
PubMed ID:19809335
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-26426

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