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Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-2718

Patzer, L; Hernando, N; Ziegler, U; Beck-Schimmer, B; Biber, J; Murer, H (2006). Ifosfamide metabolites CAA, 4-OH-Ifo and Ifo-mustard reduce apical phosphate transport by changing NaPi-IIa in OK cells. Kidney International, 70(10):1725-1734.

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Renal Fanconi syndrome occurs in about 1-5% of all children treated with Ifosfamide (Ifo) and impairment of renal phosphate reabsorption in about 20-30% of them. Pathophysiological mechanisms of Ifo-induced nephropathy are ill defined. The aim has been to investigate whether Ifo metabolites affect the type IIa sodium-dependent phosphate transporter (NaPi-IIa) in viable opossum kidney cells. Ifo did not influence viability of cells or NaPi-IIa-mediated transport up to 1 mM/24 h. Incubation of confluent cells with chloroacetaldehyde (CAA) and 4-hydroperoxyIfosfamide (4-OH-Ifo) led to cell death by necrosis in a concentration-dependent manner. At low concentrations (50-100 microM/24 h), cell viability was normal but apical phosphate transport, NaPi-IIa protein, and -mRNA expression were significantly reduced. Coincubation with sodium-2-mercaptoethanesulfonate (MESNA) prevented the inhibitory action of CAA but not of 4-OH-Ifo; DiMESNA had no effect. Incubation with Ifosfamide-mustard (Ifo-mustard) did alter cell viability at concentrations above 500 microM/24 h. At lower concentrations (50-100 microM/24 h), it led to significant reduction in phosphate transport, NaPi-IIa protein, and mRNA expression. MESNA did not block these effects. The effect of Ifo-mustard was due to internalization of NaPi-IIa. Cyclophosphamide-mustard (CyP-mustard) did not have any influence on cell survival up to 1000 microM, but the inhibitory effect on phosphate transport and on NaPi-IIa protein was the same as found after Ifo-mustard. In conclusion, CAA, 4-OH-Ifo, and Ifo- and CyP-mustard are able to inhibit sodium-dependent phosphate cotransport in viable opossum kidney cells. The Ifo-mustard effect took place via internalization and reduction of de novo synthesis of NaPi-IIa. Therefore, it is possible that Ifo-mustard plays an important role in pathogenesis of Ifo-induced nephropathy.


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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Date:27 September 2006
Deposited On:29 Jul 2008 09:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:24
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1038/sj.ki.5001803
PubMed ID:17003823

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