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Nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging with a cadmium-zinc-telluride detector technique: optimized protocol for scan time reduction


Herzog, B A; Buechel, R R; Katz, R; Brueckner, M; Husmann, L; Burger, I A; Pazhenkottil, A P; Valenta, I; Gaemperli, O; Treyer, V; Kaufmann, P A (2009). Nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging with a cadmium-zinc-telluride detector technique: optimized protocol for scan time reduction. Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 51(1):46-51.

Abstract

We aimed at establishing the optimal scan time for nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) on an ultrafast cardiac gamma-camera using a novel cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) solid-state detector technology. METHODS: Twenty patients (17 male; BMI range, 21.7-35.5 kg/m(2)) underwent 1-d (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin adenosine stress and rest MPI protocols, each with a 15-min acquisition on a standard dual-detector SPECT camera. All scans were immediately repeated on an ultrafast CZT camera over a 6-min acquisition time and reconstructed from list-mode raw data to obtain scan durations of 1 min, 2 min, etc., up to a maximum of 6 min. For each of the scan durations, the segmental tracer uptake value (percentage of maximum myocardial uptake) from the CZT camera was compared by intraclass correlation with standard SPECT camera data using a 20-segment model, and clinical agreement was assessed per coronary territory. Scan durations above which no further relevant improvement in uptake correlation was found were defined as minimal required scan times, for which Bland-Altman limits of agreement were calculated. RESULTS: Minimal required scan times were 3 min for low dose (r = 0.81; P < 0.001; Bland-Altman, -11.4% to 12.2%) and 2 min for high dose (r = 0.80; P < 0.001; Bland-Altman, -7.6% to 12.9%), yielding a clinical agreement of 95% and 97%, respectively. CONCLUSION: We have established the minimal scan time for a CZT solid-state detector system, which allows 1-d stress/rest MPI with a substantially reduced acquisition time resulting in excellent agreement with regard to uptake and clinical findings, compared with MPI from a standard dual-head SPECT gamma-camera.

We aimed at establishing the optimal scan time for nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) on an ultrafast cardiac gamma-camera using a novel cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) solid-state detector technology. METHODS: Twenty patients (17 male; BMI range, 21.7-35.5 kg/m(2)) underwent 1-d (99m)Tc-tetrofosmin adenosine stress and rest MPI protocols, each with a 15-min acquisition on a standard dual-detector SPECT camera. All scans were immediately repeated on an ultrafast CZT camera over a 6-min acquisition time and reconstructed from list-mode raw data to obtain scan durations of 1 min, 2 min, etc., up to a maximum of 6 min. For each of the scan durations, the segmental tracer uptake value (percentage of maximum myocardial uptake) from the CZT camera was compared by intraclass correlation with standard SPECT camera data using a 20-segment model, and clinical agreement was assessed per coronary territory. Scan durations above which no further relevant improvement in uptake correlation was found were defined as minimal required scan times, for which Bland-Altman limits of agreement were calculated. RESULTS: Minimal required scan times were 3 min for low dose (r = 0.81; P < 0.001; Bland-Altman, -11.4% to 12.2%) and 2 min for high dose (r = 0.80; P < 0.001; Bland-Altman, -7.6% to 12.9%), yielding a clinical agreement of 95% and 97%, respectively. CONCLUSION: We have established the minimal scan time for a CZT solid-state detector system, which allows 1-d stress/rest MPI with a substantially reduced acquisition time resulting in excellent agreement with regard to uptake and clinical findings, compared with MPI from a standard dual-head SPECT gamma-camera.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 December 2009
Deposited On:22 Jan 2010 05:28
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:44
Publisher:Society of Nuclear Medicine
ISSN:0161-5505
Publisher DOI:10.2967/jnumed.109.065532
PubMed ID:20008999
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-27183

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