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Cronaca di un dramma silenzioso: come i contadini cinesi tentano di salvare le proprie terre


Grano, Simona Alba (2008). Cronaca di un dramma silenzioso: come i contadini cinesi tentano di salvare le proprie terre. Annali di Ca’ Foscari, 47(3):169-197.

Abstract

This article is about rural land expropriation in China: a phenomenon that is increasingly creating massive instability problems. As economy grows, local officials try to take possession of lands not belonging to them, by usually paying the population less than half the real value of the property they are «stealing», in compensation. Until about 2000, the major causes of mass action were taxes, extraction of funds (for building schools or roads), penalties (for example, fines for exceeding birth quotas), and compulsory assessments. Since the early 2000S land expropriation has become an additional exasperating issue in many provinces. Rural rebellions frequently flare up when villagers obtain details of the laws and regulations concerning their interests and rights. When local cadres violate those rights, villagers write complaint letters, visit higher officials, expose local violations of central policies in the media and challenge such abuses as land theft. In other words, they resort to the ancient tradition of China's petitioning system, known as xinfang. Confrontations between resisters and local cadres have resulted in extended court battles and in small- and large-scale riots, some of which have provoked harsh crackdowns by local and provincial governments.

This article is about rural land expropriation in China: a phenomenon that is increasingly creating massive instability problems. As economy grows, local officials try to take possession of lands not belonging to them, by usually paying the population less than half the real value of the property they are «stealing», in compensation. Until about 2000, the major causes of mass action were taxes, extraction of funds (for building schools or roads), penalties (for example, fines for exceeding birth quotas), and compulsory assessments. Since the early 2000S land expropriation has become an additional exasperating issue in many provinces. Rural rebellions frequently flare up when villagers obtain details of the laws and regulations concerning their interests and rights. When local cadres violate those rights, villagers write complaint letters, visit higher officials, expose local violations of central policies in the media and challenge such abuses as land theft. In other words, they resort to the ancient tradition of China's petitioning system, known as xinfang. Confrontations between resisters and local cadres have resulted in extended court battles and in small- and large-scale riots, some of which have provoked harsh crackdowns by local and provincial governments.

Additional indexing

Other titles:Chronicle of a silent drama: how Chinese farmers are trying to save their lands
Item Type:Journal Article, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Asian and Oriental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:180 Ancient, medieval & eastern philosophy
290 Other religions
Language:Italian
Date:2008
Deposited On:21 Jan 2010 14:02
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:44
Publisher:Universita degli Studi di Venezia
ISSN:1125-3762
Additional Information:Serie Orientale 39
Related URLs:http://www.unive.it/nqcontent.cfm?a_id=22995 (Publisher)

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