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Hill, S K; Schuepbach, D; Herbener, E S; Keshavan, M S; Sweeney, J A (2004). Pretreatment and longitudinal studies of neuropsychological deficits in antipsychotic-naïve patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 68(1):49-63.

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Abstract

The early course of neuropsychological dysfunction in schizophrenia and the impact of treatment on these deficits need to be better specified. A sample of 45 patients with schizophrenia underwent five neuropsychological evaluations from prior to treatment with antipsychotic treatment through a 2-year follow-up period. A comparison sample of 33 matched healthy individuals underwent neuropsychological evaluations at similar time points. At baseline, a generalized deficit across cognitive domains was evident for the schizophrenia sample. After 6 weeks of treatment, patients showed modest improvements in visual memory and visual perception, but a decline in verbal memory. Verbal memory performance returned to baseline levels by the 6-month follow-up while deficits in other neuropsychological domains persisted throughout the 2-year period. Relatively static and generalized neuropsychological dysfunction, evident from illness onset, is consistent with neurodevelopmental rather than neurodegenerative models of schizophrenia.

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93 citations in Web of Science®
102 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:19 Jan 2010 13:23
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 20:34
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-3223
Publisher DOI:10.1016/S0920-9964(03)00213-5
PubMed ID:15037339

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