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Peters, L; Mocroft, A; Soriano, V; Rockstroh, J K; Losso, M; Valerio, L; Aldins, P; Reiss, P; Ledergerber, B; Lundgren, J D (2009). Hepatitis C virus coinfection does not influence the CD4 cell recovery in HIV-1-infected patients with maximum virologic suppression. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 50(5):457-463.

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BACKGROUND: Conflicting data exist whether hepatitis C virus (HCV) affects the CD4 cell recovery in patients with HIV starting antiretroviral treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of HCV coinfection on the CD4 recovery in patients with maximum virologic suppression within the EuroSIDA cohort. METHODS: Patients tested for anti-HCV antibodies and with at least 2 consecutive HIV viral loads (VLs) <50 copies per milliliter after starting combination antiretroviral therapy were eligible for inclusion. For each pair of VL <50 copies per milliliter, the annual change in CD4 count was calculated and compared between (1) HCV-seronegative vs. HCV-seropositive patients, (2) HCV genotypes 1-4 in HCV-RNA+ patients, and (3) viremic vs. aviremic (HCV-RNA < 615 IU/mL) in HCV-seropositive patients. Results were adjusted for known confounders. RESULTS: Four thousand two hundred eight patients were included, representing 39,474 pairs of HIV VL measurements with VL <50 copies per milliliter and 12,492 person-years of follow-up. The unadjusted annual change in CD4 count for HCV-seropositive and HCV-seronegative patients was 35.5 cells per milliliter (95% confidence interval 27.2 to 43.9) and 38.3 cells per milliliter (95%confidence interval 34.8 to 41.9), respectively. After adjustment, there was no difference in CD4 change when comparing, according to HCV serostatus (P = 0.17), between genotypes (P = 0.23) or when comparing HCV viremic vs. aviremic patients (P = 0.57). Adjusting additionally for HCV treatment and HCV-RNA VL did not change the findings.CONCLUSIONS: HCV serostatus did not influence the CD4 recovery in patients with HIV with maximum virologic suppression after starting combination antiretroviral therapy. Furthermore, no difference in CD4 gain was found when comparing distinct HCV genotypes in HCV-RNA+ patients or when comparing HCV viremic vs. aviremic HCV-seropositive patients.


26 citations in Web of Science®
27 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Contributors:EuroSIDA Study Group
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Deposited On:26 Jan 2010 13:46
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:45
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
Publisher DOI:10.1097/QAI.0b013e318198a0e1
PubMed ID:19360931

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