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An ultra-cycling race leads to no decrease in skeletal muscle mass


Knechtle, B; Wirth, A; Knechtle, P; Rosemann, T (2009). An ultra-cycling race leads to no decrease in skeletal muscle mass. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 30(3):163-167.

Abstract

Ultra-endurance races lead to an enormous energy deficit, and a decrease in body mass in the form of fat mass as well as skeletal muscle mass can be found. The decrease in skeletal muscle mass has been demonstrated in ultra-runners. We investigated therefore, in an ultra-cycling race, whether ultra-cyclists also suffered a decrease in body mass and whether we could find changes in skeletal muscle mass and/or fat mass. The anthropometric method was used to determine body mass, skeletal muscle mass and fat mass in 28 male Caucasian, non-professional, ultra-cyclists before and after a 600 km ultra-cycling race. In order to quantify hydration status, we measured total body water, haematocrit, plasma sodium and urinary specific gravity. In addition, plasma urea was determined as a marker of protein catabolism. Body mass as well as fat mass decreased highly significantly (p<0.01) whereas skeletal muscle mass did not change (p>0.05). The post race minus pre race difference (Delta) in body mass was associated with Delta fat mass (p<0.05). Urea increased highly significantly (p<0.01); however Delta urea was not associated with Delta skeletal muscle mass. We concluded that ultra-cycling in contrast to ultra-running leads to no reduction in skeletal muscle mass.

Ultra-endurance races lead to an enormous energy deficit, and a decrease in body mass in the form of fat mass as well as skeletal muscle mass can be found. The decrease in skeletal muscle mass has been demonstrated in ultra-runners. We investigated therefore, in an ultra-cycling race, whether ultra-cyclists also suffered a decrease in body mass and whether we could find changes in skeletal muscle mass and/or fat mass. The anthropometric method was used to determine body mass, skeletal muscle mass and fat mass in 28 male Caucasian, non-professional, ultra-cyclists before and after a 600 km ultra-cycling race. In order to quantify hydration status, we measured total body water, haematocrit, plasma sodium and urinary specific gravity. In addition, plasma urea was determined as a marker of protein catabolism. Body mass as well as fat mass decreased highly significantly (p<0.01) whereas skeletal muscle mass did not change (p>0.05). The post race minus pre race difference (Delta) in body mass was associated with Delta fat mass (p<0.05). Urea increased highly significantly (p<0.01); however Delta urea was not associated with Delta skeletal muscle mass. We concluded that ultra-cycling in contrast to ultra-running leads to no reduction in skeletal muscle mass.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of General Practice
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:08 Feb 2010 11:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:46
Publisher:Thieme
ISSN:0172-4622
Additional Information:Copyright: Georg Thieme Verlag
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1055/s-0028-1104585
PubMed ID:19199212
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-27713

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