Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-27788
Holy, E W; Stämpfli, S F; Akhmedov, A; Holm, N; Camici, G G; Lüscher, T F; Tanner, F C (2010). Laminin receptor activation inhibits endothelial tissue factor expression. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 48(6):1138-1145.
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Tissue factor (TF) is an important trigger of arterial thrombosis. The green tea catechin epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a ligand of the 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR) and exhibits cardioprotective effects. This study investigates whether 67LR regulates TF expression in human endothelial cells. Immunofluorescence demonstrated that human aortic endothelial cells expressed 67LR. Cells grown on laminin expressed 35% less TF in response to TNF-alpha (TNF-alpha) than those grown on fibronectin (n=6; p<0.001). EGCG (1-30 muM) inhibited TNF-alpha and histamine induced endothelial TF expression and activity in a concentration dependent manner resulting in 87% reduction of TF expression (n=5; p<0.001); in contrast, expression of tissue factor pathway inhibitor was not affected (n=4; p=NS). In vivo administration of EGCG (30 mg/kg/day) inhibited TF activity in carotid arteries of C57BL6 mice. Real-time PCR and promoter studies revealed that EGCG decreased TF expression at the transcriptional level and impaired activation of the mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase JNK 1/2, but not ERK or p38. Similarly, the JNK 1/2 inhibitor SP600125 (1 muM) impaired TF promoter activity (n=4; p<0.001) and protein expression (n=4; p<0.001). 67LR blocking antibodies blunted the inhibitory effect of EGCG on both TF protein expression and JNK activation. In contrast, vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) was not affected by laminin nor EGCG, and its expression was not regulated by JNK. EGCG did not affect TNF-alpha stimulated NFkB activation. Laminin receptor activation inhibits endothelial TF expression by impairing JNK phosphorylation. Thus, 67LR may be a potential target for the development of novel anti-thrombotic therapies.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiology|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||16 Feb 2010 10:07|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 23:59|
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