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Darwin's "Principle of divergence" and the link between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning


Hector, A (2009). Darwin's "Principle of divergence" and the link between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. In: Stöcklin, J; Höxtermann, E. Darwin und die Botanik: Beiträge eines Symposiums der Schweizerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft und der Basler Botanischen Gesellschaft zum Darwin-Jahr 2009. Rangsdorf: Basilisken-Presse, 182-191.

Abstract

The effect of biodiversity loss on ecosystem functioning is a relatively new research topic in ecology. The motivation for this research comes largely from current forecasts of ongoing loss of biodiversity. However, the intellectual link between biodiversity and ecosystem processes was first inferred by Darwin based on his Principle of Divergence.
In the notes for his Big Species Book Darwin explicitly states that communities composed of organisms developed under “many and widely differing forms” should have higher rates of productivity and decomposition. Darwin also cites supporting evidence in the form of the Hortus Gramineus Woburnensis: a grass garden at Woburn Abbey in the South of England that contains early experiments on the relationship between organisms and their environment.

The effect of biodiversity loss on ecosystem functioning is a relatively new research topic in ecology. The motivation for this research comes largely from current forecasts of ongoing loss of biodiversity. However, the intellectual link between biodiversity and ecosystem processes was first inferred by Darwin based on his Principle of Divergence.
In the notes for his Big Species Book Darwin explicitly states that communities composed of organisms developed under “many and widely differing forms” should have higher rates of productivity and decomposition. Darwin also cites supporting evidence in the form of the Hortus Gramineus Woburnensis: a grass garden at Woburn Abbey in the South of England that contains early experiments on the relationship between organisms and their environment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:04 Feb 2010 19:55
Last Modified:14 Sep 2016 13:41
Publisher:Basilisken-Presse
Series Name:Biologischhistorische Symposien
ISBN:978-3-941365-00-1
Official URL:http://www.basilisken-presse.de/biologiehistorische_symposien_
Related URLs:http://www.recherche-portal.ch/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?fn=search&mode=Advanced&vid=ZAD&vl%28186672378UI0%29=isbn&vl%281UI0%29=contains&vl%28freeText0%29=978-3-941365-00-1
http://opac.nebis.ch/F/?local_base=NEBIS&con_lng=GER&func=find-b&find_code=SYS&request=005842371
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-28652

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