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Controlled oxygen vacancies and space correlation with Cr3+ in SrTiO3


La Mattina, F; Bednorz, J G; Alvarado, S F; Shengelaya, A; Müller, K A; Keller, H (2009). Controlled oxygen vacancies and space correlation with Cr3+ in SrTiO3. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 80(7):075122.

Abstract

By means of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements on thermally reduced Cr-doped SrTiO3, we find a strong correlation between the Cr3+ ions and oxygen vacancies (Vos). A charge compensation associated with the creation of Vos induced by thermal reduction causes the valence of the Cr ions to change from 4+ to 3+. This induces a symmetry change in the crystal field experienced by the Cr atom from cubic to axial. On the other hand, in Cr/Nb-codoped samples, where Vos are absent, the Cr3+ EPR signal is isotropic, indicating that these Cr ions occupy an octahedral site of cubic symmetry. From the angular dependence of the EPR spectra we determine an axial crystal field parameter (D≃8 MHz), which is consistent with a perturbation induced by a Vo localized at the third coordination sphere of Cr3+. This is in contrast to other transition-metal dopants, where the Vo is located at the first coordination sphere. Thus we identify a linear complex of the form Cr3+-O-Ti3+-Vo-Ti3+, which is unique in its structure, and which, furthermore, might account for the stabilization of the insulating state in reduced Cr-doped SrTiO3 crystals.

By means of electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) measurements on thermally reduced Cr-doped SrTiO3, we find a strong correlation between the Cr3+ ions and oxygen vacancies (Vos). A charge compensation associated with the creation of Vos induced by thermal reduction causes the valence of the Cr ions to change from 4+ to 3+. This induces a symmetry change in the crystal field experienced by the Cr atom from cubic to axial. On the other hand, in Cr/Nb-codoped samples, where Vos are absent, the Cr3+ EPR signal is isotropic, indicating that these Cr ions occupy an octahedral site of cubic symmetry. From the angular dependence of the EPR spectra we determine an axial crystal field parameter (D≃8 MHz), which is consistent with a perturbation induced by a Vo localized at the third coordination sphere of Cr3+. This is in contrast to other transition-metal dopants, where the Vo is located at the first coordination sphere. Thus we identify a linear complex of the form Cr3+-O-Ti3+-Vo-Ti3+, which is unique in its structure, and which, furthermore, might account for the stabilization of the insulating state in reduced Cr-doped SrTiO3 crystals.

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16 citations in Web of Science®
18 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:28 Jan 2010 13:21
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:49
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1098-0121
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.80.075122

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