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Is there a future for small molecule drugs in the treatment of rheumatic diseases?


Stanczyk, Joanna; Ospelt, Caroline; Gay, Steffen (2008). Is there a future for small molecule drugs in the treatment of rheumatic diseases? Current Opinion in Rheumatology, 20(3):257-62.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we outline the landscape of recent developments regarding small molecule compounds for the treatment of inflammatory disorders by discussing drug candidates currently in the pipeline. We also stress the fact that novel techniques are available to evaluate the safety of new therapeutics at an early stage of development. RECENT FINDINGS: Regulation of signal transduction has evolved into an important field of drug research, and small molecule inhibitors of a number of pathways are tested as new anti-inflammatory agents. For rheumatic diseases, specific Jak3 and Syk inhibitors are, so far, the most successful compounds due to their good efficacy, representing a significant advantage over p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitors. Additional benefit in the treatment of inflammatory diseases may be provided by targeting CD80, IL-12/IL-23, AP-1 transcription factor and receptors modulating cellular activation like chemokine receptors, Toll-like receptors and adenosine A3 receptor. SUMMARY: There is a big hope that novel small molecule drugs, which are rationally designed, based on scientific advancements and biotechnological improvements, will achieve or even exceed efficacy of protein drugs. Thereby, new therapeutic alternatives would be given, and chances for improved outcomes in the care of rheumatic patients provided.

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we outline the landscape of recent developments regarding small molecule compounds for the treatment of inflammatory disorders by discussing drug candidates currently in the pipeline. We also stress the fact that novel techniques are available to evaluate the safety of new therapeutics at an early stage of development. RECENT FINDINGS: Regulation of signal transduction has evolved into an important field of drug research, and small molecule inhibitors of a number of pathways are tested as new anti-inflammatory agents. For rheumatic diseases, specific Jak3 and Syk inhibitors are, so far, the most successful compounds due to their good efficacy, representing a significant advantage over p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitors. Additional benefit in the treatment of inflammatory diseases may be provided by targeting CD80, IL-12/IL-23, AP-1 transcription factor and receptors modulating cellular activation like chemokine receptors, Toll-like receptors and adenosine A3 receptor. SUMMARY: There is a big hope that novel small molecule drugs, which are rationally designed, based on scientific advancements and biotechnological improvements, will achieve or even exceed efficacy of protein drugs. Thereby, new therapeutic alternatives would be given, and chances for improved outcomes in the care of rheumatic patients provided.

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36 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:04 Aug 2008 13:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:25
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:1040-8711
Publisher DOI:10.1097/BOR.0b013e3282fa13ee
PubMed ID:18388515
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-2884

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