UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

The effect of MTHFR c.677C>T on plasma homocysteine levels depends on health, age and smoking


Semmler, A; Moskau, S; Stoffel-Wagner, B; Weller, M; Linnebank, M (2009). The effect of MTHFR c.677C>T on plasma homocysteine levels depends on health, age and smoking. Clinical and Investigative Medicine, 32(6):E310-E314.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The role of homocysteine in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis and stroke is under debate. It is important to determine the interplay of factors that influence homocysteine plasma levels, such as age, gender, smoking and the genetic background. The T-allele of the common variant methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) c.677C > T is the most prevalent known genetic cause of elevated plasma homocysteine levels, but the association of this allele with vascular disease has been controversial. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the influence of MTHFR c.677C > T on homocysteine levels depends on individual factors. METHODS: From an ongoing study on atherosclerosis, we analyzed 523 Caucasian individuals, including patients with cerebrovascular disease (n=141), their healthy spouses (n=106) and the offspring (n=276). ANOVA and regression analyses were employed to separately analyze the effect of MTHFR c.677C > T on homocysteine levels in patients, spouses and offspring as well as in subgroups defined by age, gender and smoking. RESULTS: MTHFR c.677C > T was associated with homocysteine plasma levels in the study sample (P < 0.001), but not in the patients with cerebrovascular disease, if analyzed separately. Analyses of subgroups divided by the age of 55 years revealed that the MTHFR c.677 C > T genotype was associated with homocysteine plasma levels in the younger (P < 0.001), but not in the older individuals. In addition, if individuals with at least less than ten cigarette package years were analyzed separately, MTHFR c.677C > T was associated with plasma homocysteine levels only in the group with the lower cigarette consumption (P=0.002). CONCLUSION: In our study, the association of the MTHFR c.677C > T genotype with plasma homocysteine levels was weakened by other factors that impact homocysteine levels. The effect of MTHFR c.677C > T on plasma homocysteine levels may, thus, be of major importance for healthy, young, non-smoking persons. Such specifications may explain the controversial results of epidemiological studies on the relevance of MTHFR c.677C > T.

PURPOSE: The role of homocysteine in the pathogenesis of arteriosclerosis and stroke is under debate. It is important to determine the interplay of factors that influence homocysteine plasma levels, such as age, gender, smoking and the genetic background. The T-allele of the common variant methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) c.677C > T is the most prevalent known genetic cause of elevated plasma homocysteine levels, but the association of this allele with vascular disease has been controversial. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the influence of MTHFR c.677C > T on homocysteine levels depends on individual factors. METHODS: From an ongoing study on atherosclerosis, we analyzed 523 Caucasian individuals, including patients with cerebrovascular disease (n=141), their healthy spouses (n=106) and the offspring (n=276). ANOVA and regression analyses were employed to separately analyze the effect of MTHFR c.677C > T on homocysteine levels in patients, spouses and offspring as well as in subgroups defined by age, gender and smoking. RESULTS: MTHFR c.677C > T was associated with homocysteine plasma levels in the study sample (P < 0.001), but not in the patients with cerebrovascular disease, if analyzed separately. Analyses of subgroups divided by the age of 55 years revealed that the MTHFR c.677 C > T genotype was associated with homocysteine plasma levels in the younger (P < 0.001), but not in the older individuals. In addition, if individuals with at least less than ten cigarette package years were analyzed separately, MTHFR c.677C > T was associated with plasma homocysteine levels only in the group with the lower cigarette consumption (P=0.002). CONCLUSION: In our study, the association of the MTHFR c.677C > T genotype with plasma homocysteine levels was weakened by other factors that impact homocysteine levels. The effect of MTHFR c.677C > T on plasma homocysteine levels may, thus, be of major importance for healthy, young, non-smoking persons. Such specifications may explain the controversial results of epidemiological studies on the relevance of MTHFR c.677C > T.

Citations

3 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 01 Feb 2010
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:01 Feb 2010 10:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:50
Publisher:Canadian Society for Clinical Investigation
ISSN:0147-958X
Related URLs:http://cimonline.ca/index.php/cim/article/view/10667 (Publisher)
PubMed ID:20003837
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-29031

Download

[img]
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations