UZH-Logo

Hodgkin's lymphoma in remission after first-line therapy: which patients need FDG-PET/CT for follow-up?


Petrausch, U; Samaras, P; Veit-Haibach, P; Tschopp, A; Soyka, J D; Knuth, A; Hany, T F; Mischo, A; Renner, C; Schaefer, N G (2010). Hodgkin's lymphoma in remission after first-line therapy: which patients need FDG-PET/CT for follow-up? Annals of Oncology, 21(5):1053-1057.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of 2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/computed tomography (CT) during follow-up of patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients in complete remission or an unconfirmed complete remission after first-line therapy who received FDG-PET/CT during their follow-up were analyzed retrospectively. Confirmatory biopsy was mandatory in case of recurrence. RESULTS: Overall, 134 patients were analyzed. Forty-two (31.3%) patients had a recurrence. The positive predictive value of FDG-PET/CT was 0.98. Single-factor analysis identified morphological residual mass [P = 0.0005, hazard ratio (HR) 3.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7-6.6] and symptoms (P < 0.0001, HR 4.9, 95% CI 2.4-9.9) as significant risk factors for relapse. By multivariate analysis, morphological residual mass was the only significant risk factor for early follow-up (<24 months) (P = 0.0019, HR 7.6, 95% CI 2.1-27.3). Advanced stage (P = 0.0426, HR 3.6, 95% CI 1.1-12.3) and the presence of symptoms (P = 0.0009, HR = 14.6, 95% CI 3.0-69.7) were found to be significant risk factors for later follow-up (>24 months). CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic patients without morphological residues and an early stage of disease do not need a routine FDG-PET/CT for follow-up. Asymptomatic patients with morphological residues should receive routine follow-up FDG-PET/CT for the first 24 months. Only patients with advanced initial stage do need a routine follow-up FDG-PET/CT beyond 24 months.

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of 2-[fluorine-18]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)/computed tomography (CT) during follow-up of patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients in complete remission or an unconfirmed complete remission after first-line therapy who received FDG-PET/CT during their follow-up were analyzed retrospectively. Confirmatory biopsy was mandatory in case of recurrence. RESULTS: Overall, 134 patients were analyzed. Forty-two (31.3%) patients had a recurrence. The positive predictive value of FDG-PET/CT was 0.98. Single-factor analysis identified morphological residual mass [P = 0.0005, hazard ratio (HR) 3.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7-6.6] and symptoms (P < 0.0001, HR 4.9, 95% CI 2.4-9.9) as significant risk factors for relapse. By multivariate analysis, morphological residual mass was the only significant risk factor for early follow-up (<24 months) (P = 0.0019, HR 7.6, 95% CI 2.1-27.3). Advanced stage (P = 0.0426, HR 3.6, 95% CI 1.1-12.3) and the presence of symptoms (P = 0.0009, HR = 14.6, 95% CI 3.0-69.7) were found to be significant risk factors for later follow-up (>24 months). CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic patients without morphological residues and an early stage of disease do not need a routine FDG-PET/CT for follow-up. Asymptomatic patients with morphological residues should receive routine follow-up FDG-PET/CT for the first 24 months. Only patients with advanced initial stage do need a routine follow-up FDG-PET/CT beyond 24 months.

Citations

20 citations in Web of Science®
30 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

3 downloads since deposited on 03 Feb 2010
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:13 May 2010
Deposited On:03 Feb 2010 13:19
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:51
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0923-7534
Publisher DOI:10.1093/annonc/mdp519
PubMed ID:19914963
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-29195

Download

[img]Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 90kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations