UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Living patches engineered from human umbilical cord derived fibroblasts and endothelial progenitor cells


Schmidt, D; Mol, A; Neuenschwander, S; Breymann, C; Gössi, M; Zund, G; Turina, M; Hoerstrup, S P (2005). Living patches engineered from human umbilical cord derived fibroblasts and endothelial progenitor cells. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, 27(5):795-800.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: A major shortcoming in contemporary congenital heart surgery is the lack of viable replacement materials with the capacity of growth and regeneration. Here we focused on living autologous patches engineered from human umbilical cord derived fibroblasts and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) as a ready-to-use cell source for paediatric cardiovascular tissue engineering. METHODS: EPCs were isolated from 20 ml fresh umbilical cord blood by density gradient centrifugation and myofibroblasts were harvested from umbilical cord tissue. Cells were differentiated and expanded in vitro using nutrient media containing growth factors. Before seeding, cell-phenotypes were assessed by immuno-histochemistry. Biodegradable patches fabricated from synthetic polymers (PGA/P4HB) were seeded with myofibroblasts followed by endothelialization with EPCs. All patches were cultured in a perfusion bioreactor. A subgroup of patches was additionally stimulated by cyclic strain. Analysis of the neo-tissues comprised histology, immuno-histochemistry, extracellular matrix (ECM) analysis and biomechanical testing. RESULTS: Endothelial phenotypes of EPCs before seeding were confirmed by Ac-Dil-LDL, CD 31, von-Willebrand-Factor and eNOS staining. Histology of the seeded patches demonstrated layered viable tissue formation in all samples. The cells in the newly formed tissues expressed myofibroblast markers, such as desmin and alpha-SMA. The EPCs derived neo-endothelia showed constant endothelial phenotypes (CD 31, vWF). major constituents of ECM such as collagen and proteoglycans were biochemically detected. Stress-strain properties of the patches showed features of native-analogous tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Living tissue engineered patches can be successfully generated from human umbilical cord derived myofibroblasts and EPCs. This new cell source may enable the tissue engineering of versatile, living, autologous replacement materials for congenital cardiac interventions.

OBJECTIVE: A major shortcoming in contemporary congenital heart surgery is the lack of viable replacement materials with the capacity of growth and regeneration. Here we focused on living autologous patches engineered from human umbilical cord derived fibroblasts and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) as a ready-to-use cell source for paediatric cardiovascular tissue engineering. METHODS: EPCs were isolated from 20 ml fresh umbilical cord blood by density gradient centrifugation and myofibroblasts were harvested from umbilical cord tissue. Cells were differentiated and expanded in vitro using nutrient media containing growth factors. Before seeding, cell-phenotypes were assessed by immuno-histochemistry. Biodegradable patches fabricated from synthetic polymers (PGA/P4HB) were seeded with myofibroblasts followed by endothelialization with EPCs. All patches were cultured in a perfusion bioreactor. A subgroup of patches was additionally stimulated by cyclic strain. Analysis of the neo-tissues comprised histology, immuno-histochemistry, extracellular matrix (ECM) analysis and biomechanical testing. RESULTS: Endothelial phenotypes of EPCs before seeding were confirmed by Ac-Dil-LDL, CD 31, von-Willebrand-Factor and eNOS staining. Histology of the seeded patches demonstrated layered viable tissue formation in all samples. The cells in the newly formed tissues expressed myofibroblast markers, such as desmin and alpha-SMA. The EPCs derived neo-endothelia showed constant endothelial phenotypes (CD 31, vWF). major constituents of ECM such as collagen and proteoglycans were biochemically detected. Stress-strain properties of the patches showed features of native-analogous tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Living tissue engineered patches can be successfully generated from human umbilical cord derived myofibroblasts and EPCs. This new cell source may enable the tissue engineering of versatile, living, autologous replacement materials for congenital cardiac interventions.

Citations

60 citations in Web of Science®
76 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 23 Mar 2010
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:23 Mar 2010 13:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:51
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1010-7940
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejcts.2005.01.064
Official URL:http://ejcts.ctsnetjournals.org/cgi/reprint/27/5/795.pdf
PubMed ID:15848316
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-29362

Download

[img]
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations