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Dendritic cell (DC) development is efficiently supported by Flt3-ligand or GM-CSF in vitro, and lymphoid-organ DC maintenance in vivo is critically dependent on Flt3-ligand. However, the relevance of GM-CSF for lymphoid-tissue DC maintenance and the importance of both cytokines for nonlymphoid organ DC homeostasis are not defined. Here, we show that, although Gm-csfr and Flt3 are both expressed in DC progenitors, Gm-csfr is expressed predominantly in monocytes, classical DCs (cDCs), and skin DCs, whereas Flt3 is expressed in both cDCs and plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs). In accordance with the respective cytokine receptor expression, DC progenitor and pDC numbers are primarily affected by Flt3-ligand deficiency, whereas both splenic and lymph node cDCs and dermal DCs are reduced in the absence of either GM-CSF or Flt3-ligand. Combined lack of GM-CSF and Flt3-ligand in newly generated double-deficient mice leads to further significant reductions of DC progenitors and dermal DCs. In line with the decrease of respective DC subsets, T-cell and antigen-specific IgG responses decline progressively, from wild-type to GM-CSF- to Flt3-ligand- to double-deficient mice, upon subcutaneous antigen delivery. These data thus show the concerted action of GM-CSF and Flt3-ligand on DC homeostasis in vivo.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Hematology|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Date:||23 July 2009|
|Deposited On:||15 Feb 2010 14:09|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 20:20|
|Publisher:||American Society of Hematology|
|Free access at:||PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 83|
Scopus®. Citation Count: 91
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