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Meli, M L; Cattori, V; Martínez, F; López, G; Vargas, A; Simón, M A; Zorrilla, I; Muñoz, A; Palomares, F; López-Bao, J V; Pastor, J; Tandon, R; Willi, B; Hofmann-Lehmann, R; Lutz, H (2009). Threats to the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus)by feline pathogens. In: Vargas, A; Breitenmoser, C; Breitenmoser, U. Conservación ex-situ del Lince ibérico : un enfoque multidisciplinar = Iberian lynx ex situ conservation : an interdisciplicanary approach. Madrid, 220-232.

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Abstract

In order to determine the importance of various infectious agents as potential threats to Iberian lynx conservation, 77 free-ranging animals were screened for presence of 14 feline pathogens between November, 2003 and September, 2007. Evidence of presence of 13 out of 14 infectious agents was found: antibodies to feline calicivirus (FCV) were detected in 29/74 (39.2%); to feline parvovirus (FPV) in 22/74 (29.7%); to feline coronavirus (FCoV) in 19/74 (25.7%); to canine distempervirus (CDV) in 12/74 (16.2%); to feline herpesvirus (FHV) in 9/74 (12.2%), and to Anaplasma phagocytophilum in 4/74 (5.4%) animals. PCR of blood samples detected FPV in 2/75 (2.7%); CDV in 1/75 (1.3%); Cytauxzoon felis in 24/77 (31.2%); Mycoplasma haemofelis in 25/77 (32.5%); ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ in 27/77 (35.1%); ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’ in 10/77 (13%); Chlamydophila felis in 1/75 (1.3%), and Bartonella henselae in 16/75 (21.3%) samples. CDV- and FPV-positive animals were found only in the Doñana area, while all C. felis-positive lynxes originated from Sierra Morena area. No evidence of infection with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was found. In 2007, an outbreak of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infection was witnessed. Thirteen lynxes became feline leukemia virus (FeLV)provirus-positive; eleven of these were antigenemic. Sequencing of the FeLV surface glycoprotein gene revealed a common origin of the virus. Seven of the provirus-positive, antigenemic lynxes died within a few months, indicating that FeLV might be particularly virulent in Iberian lynxes. Our data on the prevalence and virulence of infectious diseases in the Iberian lynx suggest that infectious agents of felids may constitute important threats to the survival of Iberian lynxes and have to be constantly monitored. The implementation of control measures such as vaccination campaigns of lynxes and domestic animals in the surrounding lynx habitats should also be maintained over time.

Other titles:Patógenos de Felinos como Amenazas para el Lince Ibérico (Lynx pardinus)
Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals > Clinical Laboratory
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals > Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine
DDC:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Date:2009
Deposited On:04 Feb 2010 16:28
Last Modified:04 Apr 2012 13:11
Publisher:Fundación Biodiversidad
Official URL:http://www.fundacion-biodiversidad.es/images/stories/recursos/home/2009/LIBRO_LINCE_BLOQUE.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.fundacion-biodiversidad.es/ (Publisher)
Citations:Google Scholar™

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