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Imidazole-based phosphane gold(I) complexes as potential agents for cancer treatment: Synthesis, structural studies and antitumour activity


Kunz, P C; Kassack, M U; Hamacher, A; Spingler, B (2009). Imidazole-based phosphane gold(I) complexes as potential agents for cancer treatment: Synthesis, structural studies and antitumour activity. Dalton Transactions, 2009(37):7741-7747.

Abstract

The reaction of the imidazolyl-4(5)-phosphane ligands 2-isopropylimidazol-4(5)yl-diphenylphosphane (4-MIP(iPr)) and tris(2-isopropylimidazol-4(5)yl)phosphane (4-TIP(iPr)) towards gold(I) has been explored and compared to those of analogous 1-methylimidazol-2-ylphosphane ligands. The structure of [(4-MIP(iPr))AuCl] () shows a linear P-Au-Cl coordination, whereas the 4-TIP(iPr) ligand forms a dinuclear complex [{(4-TIP(iPr))Au}(2)]Cl(2) (). Here, 4-TIP(iPr) bridges two gold(I) atoms in a head-to-tail P,N fashion. Complex forms in the presence of the hard Lewis acid ZnCl(2) the bimetallic complex [AuCl(4-TIP(iPr))ZnCl]Cl (), in which 4-TIP(iPr) bridges the two metal centers. In accordance with the HSAB concept the Au(I) atom is coordinated by the P atom and the zinc(II) by three N atoms in a N,N,N fashion. The solid-state structures of the complexes have been elucidated by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The Au(I)-Au(I) contact in is 2.8821(15) A. The biological activities of all imidazol-2-yl- and imidazol-4(5)-ylphosphane gold(I) complexes towards nine human cancer cell lines including seven ovarian cancer cell lines of different sensitivity towards cisplatin and two leukemia cell lines have been explored.

The reaction of the imidazolyl-4(5)-phosphane ligands 2-isopropylimidazol-4(5)yl-diphenylphosphane (4-MIP(iPr)) and tris(2-isopropylimidazol-4(5)yl)phosphane (4-TIP(iPr)) towards gold(I) has been explored and compared to those of analogous 1-methylimidazol-2-ylphosphane ligands. The structure of [(4-MIP(iPr))AuCl] () shows a linear P-Au-Cl coordination, whereas the 4-TIP(iPr) ligand forms a dinuclear complex [{(4-TIP(iPr))Au}(2)]Cl(2) (). Here, 4-TIP(iPr) bridges two gold(I) atoms in a head-to-tail P,N fashion. Complex forms in the presence of the hard Lewis acid ZnCl(2) the bimetallic complex [AuCl(4-TIP(iPr))ZnCl]Cl (), in which 4-TIP(iPr) bridges the two metal centers. In accordance with the HSAB concept the Au(I) atom is coordinated by the P atom and the zinc(II) by three N atoms in a N,N,N fashion. The solid-state structures of the complexes have been elucidated by single-crystal X-ray analysis. The Au(I)-Au(I) contact in is 2.8821(15) A. The biological activities of all imidazol-2-yl- and imidazol-4(5)-ylphosphane gold(I) complexes towards nine human cancer cell lines including seven ovarian cancer cell lines of different sensitivity towards cisplatin and two leukemia cell lines have been explored.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:05 Feb 2010 14:54
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:52
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1477-9226
Additional Information:Persons who receive the PDF must not make it further available or distribute it.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/b902748c
PubMed ID:19759948
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-29607

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