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Cellular segregation of feline leukemia provirus and viral RNA in leukocyte subsets of long-term experimentally infected cats


Pepin, A C; Tandon, R; Cattori, V; Niederer, E; Riond, B; Willi, B; Lutz, H; Hofmann-Lehmann, R (2007). Cellular segregation of feline leukemia provirus and viral RNA in leukocyte subsets of long-term experimentally infected cats. Virus Research, 127(1):9-16.

Abstract

Cats exposed to feline leukemia virus (FeLV) may develop different outcomes of the infection. However, during acute infection blood proviral and viral RNA loads of cats with progressive and regressive infection are not significantly different. Thus, not the overall loads but rather those of specific leukocyte subsets may influence the infection outcome. By combining fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) with sensitive real-time TaqMan PCR and reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR, we established in the present study the methods to determine FeLV proviral and viral RNA loads in specific leukocyte subsets. In addition, they were applied to analyze long-term persistently FeLV-infected (p27-positive) and FeLV exposed but nonantigenemic (p27-negative), nonviremic cats. In the latter animals, CD4(+) and B lymphocytes exhibited the highest proviral loads, whereas in p27-positive cats, all leukocyte subsets showed similar high loads. In p27-positive cats, monocytes and granulocytes bore the highest viral RNA loads, whereas only one p27-negative cat was positive for viral RNA in T lymphocytes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate FeLV proviral and viral RNA loads in leukocyte subsets of FeLV exposed cats. The herein described methods are important prerequisites to gain a deeper insight into the pathogenesis of FeLV infection.

Cats exposed to feline leukemia virus (FeLV) may develop different outcomes of the infection. However, during acute infection blood proviral and viral RNA loads of cats with progressive and regressive infection are not significantly different. Thus, not the overall loads but rather those of specific leukocyte subsets may influence the infection outcome. By combining fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) with sensitive real-time TaqMan PCR and reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR, we established in the present study the methods to determine FeLV proviral and viral RNA loads in specific leukocyte subsets. In addition, they were applied to analyze long-term persistently FeLV-infected (p27-positive) and FeLV exposed but nonantigenemic (p27-negative), nonviremic cats. In the latter animals, CD4(+) and B lymphocytes exhibited the highest proviral loads, whereas in p27-positive cats, all leukocyte subsets showed similar high loads. In p27-positive cats, monocytes and granulocytes bore the highest viral RNA loads, whereas only one p27-negative cat was positive for viral RNA in T lymphocytes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate FeLV proviral and viral RNA loads in leukocyte subsets of FeLV exposed cats. The herein described methods are important prerequisites to gain a deeper insight into the pathogenesis of FeLV infection.

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13 citations in Web of Science®
14 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:25 Mar 2009 09:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:25
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0168-1702
Publisher DOI:10.1016/j.virusres.2007.03.008
PubMed ID:17434224
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-2987

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