Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-29971
Eppler, E; Zapf, J; Bailer, N; Falkmer, U G; Falkmer, S; Reinecke, M (2002). IGF-I in human breast cancer: low differentiation stage is associated with decreased IGF-I content. European Journal of Endocrinology, 146(6):813-821.
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OBJECTIVE: Few investigations on the potential role of IGF-I in human breast cancer have used morphological criteria, and the data presented on the localisation of IGF-I are controversial. Moreover, little information exists on a potential correlation between local IGF-I and the grade of malignancy or prognostic factors. Therefore, we investigated the immunohistochemical localisation of IGF-I in specimens of human breast cancer tumours of the ductal type, graded as G1/G2 (well-/moderately differentiated, n=115) and G3 (poorly differentiated, n=28). METHODS: IGF-I immunoreactivity was quantified using a scaling from no (-) to numerous (+++) IGF-I-immunoreactive cells. From 29 of the G1/G2 and 17 of the G3 tumours IGF-I was also measured by RIA. Cytosolic oestrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) levels, and S-phase fraction were established and related to the number of IGF-I-immunoreactive cells. RESULTS: IGF-I immunoreactivity occurred predominantly in ductal epithelial cells. Of G3 tumours, 57% exhibited IGF-I immunoreactivity as compared with 84% of G1/G2 tumours. Correspondingly, the amount of IGF-I measured by RIA was significantly lower in G3 tumours (6.9+/-0.9 ng/g wet weight) than in G1/G2 tumours (10.5+/-1.1 ng/g wet weight) (P=0.031). G1/G2 tumours exhibited a higher percentage of IGF-I-immunoreactive cells (16% -, 23% +, 41% ++, 20% +++) than G3 tumours (43% -, 37% +, 12% ++, 8% +++). When comparing the - with the +++ G1/G2 tumours, the frequency of IGF-I-immunoreactive cells was related significantly to the ER (P<0.016) and the PR (P<0.008) levels. In G1/G2 and G3 tumours, the ER and PR levels increased with the amount of IGF immunoreactivity while the S-phase fraction increased with decreasing IGF-I content. In 25% of the specimens, IGF-I immunoreactivity occurred in stromal cells, but there was no obvious difference between the different types of tumours. The survival of the G1/G2 tumour patients increased with increasing numbers of IGF-I-immunoreactive cells. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that IGF-I is associated with the more-differentiated type of epithelial cells and that increasing dedifferentiation goes along with decreased IGF-I content. Thus, the presence of IGF-I immunoreactivity in breast cancer epithelial cells indicates a lower degree of malignancy than the lack of IGF-I.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy|
|DDC:||570 Life sciences; biology|
610 Medicine & health
|Deposited On:||26 Mar 2010 08:23|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 23:35|
|Free access at:||Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 14|
Scopus®. Citation Count: 14
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