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New and experimental skin-directed therapies for cutaneous lymphomas


Farkas, A; Kemeny, L; French, L E; Dummer, R (2009). New and experimental skin-directed therapies for cutaneous lymphomas. Skin Pharmacology and Physiology, 22(6):322-334.

Abstract

Primary cutaneous lymphomas (CLs) originate in the skin and should be differentiated from secondary skin infiltrates, which are manifestations of lymphomas of nodal or extranodal origin. These rare diseases include various lymphoproliferative disorders: cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, cutaneous B-cell lymphomas and some rare subtypes. As definitive cure is often not possible, it is important to control the disease and alleviate symptoms. Patients with early-stage disease limited to the skin usually require skin-directed therapies using topical agents including corticosteroids, chemotherapeutic drugs, bexarotene gel, electron beam therapy and phototherapy. Each of these are effective; however, all have some disadvantages and are associated with significant adverse events. In the field of skin-directed therapies there are interesting developments using antineoplastic compounds, the retinoid tazarotene, imiquimod, gene therapy products (adenovirus vector expressing gamma-interferon), the monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody rituximab, photodynamic therapy and 308-nm excimer laser to mention a few. This review highlights some of the promising new and experimental local therapies for primary CLs and focuses on their efficacy and side effects.

Primary cutaneous lymphomas (CLs) originate in the skin and should be differentiated from secondary skin infiltrates, which are manifestations of lymphomas of nodal or extranodal origin. These rare diseases include various lymphoproliferative disorders: cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, cutaneous B-cell lymphomas and some rare subtypes. As definitive cure is often not possible, it is important to control the disease and alleviate symptoms. Patients with early-stage disease limited to the skin usually require skin-directed therapies using topical agents including corticosteroids, chemotherapeutic drugs, bexarotene gel, electron beam therapy and phototherapy. Each of these are effective; however, all have some disadvantages and are associated with significant adverse events. In the field of skin-directed therapies there are interesting developments using antineoplastic compounds, the retinoid tazarotene, imiquimod, gene therapy products (adenovirus vector expressing gamma-interferon), the monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody rituximab, photodynamic therapy and 308-nm excimer laser to mention a few. This review highlights some of the promising new and experimental local therapies for primary CLs and focuses on their efficacy and side effects.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:24 Feb 2010 16:47
Last Modified:01 Jul 2016 14:44
Publisher:Karger
ISSN:1660-5527
Publisher DOI:10.1159/000241302
PubMed ID:19786826
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-30190

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