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Single- or multistage regulation in complex life cycles: does it make a difference?


Hellriegel, B (2000). Single- or multistage regulation in complex life cycles: does it make a difference? Oikos, 88(2):239-249.

Abstract

Data on the different stages of complex life cycles are often rather unbalanced, especially those concerning the effects of density. How does this affect our understanding of a species’ population dynamics? Two discrete three-stage models with overlapping generations and delayed maturation are constructed to address this question. They assume that survival or emigration in any life stage and/or reproduction can be density dependent. A typical pond-breeding amphibian species with a well-studied larval stage serves as an example. Numerical results show that the population dynamics resulting from density dependence at a single (e.g. the larval) stage can be decisively and unpredictably modified by density dependence in additional stages. Superposition of density-dependent processes could thus be one reason for the difficulties in identifying density dependence in the field. Moreover, in a simulated source-refuge system with habitat-specific density-dependent dispersal of juveniles density dependence in multiple stages can stabilize or destabilize the dynamics and produce misleading age structures. From an applied perspective this model shows that excluding multistage regulation prematurely clearly affects our ability to predict consequences of human impacts.

Data on the different stages of complex life cycles are often rather unbalanced, especially those concerning the effects of density. How does this affect our understanding of a species’ population dynamics? Two discrete three-stage models with overlapping generations and delayed maturation are constructed to address this question. They assume that survival or emigration in any life stage and/or reproduction can be density dependent. A typical pond-breeding amphibian species with a well-studied larval stage serves as an example. Numerical results show that the population dynamics resulting from density dependence at a single (e.g. the larval) stage can be decisively and unpredictably modified by density dependence in additional stages. Superposition of density-dependent processes could thus be one reason for the difficulties in identifying density dependence in the field. Moreover, in a simulated source-refuge system with habitat-specific density-dependent dispersal of juveniles density dependence in multiple stages can stabilize or destabilize the dynamics and produce misleading age structures. From an applied perspective this model shows that excluding multistage regulation prematurely clearly affects our ability to predict consequences of human impacts.

Citations

35 citations in Web of Science®
38 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Zoology (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
590 Animals (Zoology)
Language:English
Date:2000
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:14
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:13
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0030-1299
Publisher DOI:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2000.880202.x

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