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The Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA survey. IX. The Leo region HI catalog, group membership and the HI mass function for the Leo I group


Stierwalt, S; Haynes, M P; Giovanelli, R; Kent, B R; Martin, A M; Saintonge, A; Karachentsev, I D; Karachentseva, V E (2009). The Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA survey. IX. The Leo region HI catalog, group membership and the HI mass function for the Leo I group. Astronomical Journal, 138(2):338-361.

Abstract

We present the catalog of H I sources extracted from the ongoing Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) extragalactic H I line survey, found within the sky region bounded by 9h36m < α < 11h36m and +08° < δ < +12°. The H I catalog presented here for this 118 deg2 region is combined with the ones derived from surrounding regions also covered by the ALFALFA survey to examine the large-scale structure in the complex Leo region. Because of the combination of wide sky coverage and superior sensitivity, spatial and spectral resolution, the ALFALFA H I catalog of the Leo region improves significantly on the numbers of low H I mass sources as compared with those found in previous H I surveys. The H I mass function of the Leo I group presented here is dominated by low-mass objects: 45 of the 65 Leo I members have $M_{\rm H\,{\scriptscriptstyle I}} < 10^{8} M_{\odot }$, yielding tight constraints on the low-mass slope of the Leo I H I mass function. The best-fit slope is α sime –1.41 + 0.2 – 0.1. A direct comparison between the ALFALFA H I line detections and an optical search of the Leo I region proves the advantage of the ALFALFA strategy in finding low-mass, gas-rich dwarfs. These results suggest the existence of a significant population of low surface brightness, gas-rich, yet still very low H I mass galaxies, and may reflect the same type of morphological segregation as is seen in the Local Group. While the low-mass end slope of the Leo I H I mass function is steeper than that determined for luminosity functions of the group, the slope still falls short of the values predicted by simulations of structure formation in the lambda cold dark matter paradigm.

We present the catalog of H I sources extracted from the ongoing Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) extragalactic H I line survey, found within the sky region bounded by 9h36m < α < 11h36m and +08° < δ < +12°. The H I catalog presented here for this 118 deg2 region is combined with the ones derived from surrounding regions also covered by the ALFALFA survey to examine the large-scale structure in the complex Leo region. Because of the combination of wide sky coverage and superior sensitivity, spatial and spectral resolution, the ALFALFA H I catalog of the Leo region improves significantly on the numbers of low H I mass sources as compared with those found in previous H I surveys. The H I mass function of the Leo I group presented here is dominated by low-mass objects: 45 of the 65 Leo I members have $M_{\rm H\,{\scriptscriptstyle I}} < 10^{8} M_{\odot }$, yielding tight constraints on the low-mass slope of the Leo I H I mass function. The best-fit slope is α sime –1.41 + 0.2 – 0.1. A direct comparison between the ALFALFA H I line detections and an optical search of the Leo I region proves the advantage of the ALFALFA strategy in finding low-mass, gas-rich dwarfs. These results suggest the existence of a significant population of low surface brightness, gas-rich, yet still very low H I mass galaxies, and may reflect the same type of morphological segregation as is seen in the Local Group. While the low-mass end slope of the Leo I H I mass function is steeper than that determined for luminosity functions of the group, the slope still falls short of the values predicted by simulations of structure formation in the lambda cold dark matter paradigm.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute for Computational Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:galaxies: distances and redshifts; galaxies: dwarf; galaxies: evolution; galaxies: formation; galaxies: halos; galaxies: luminosity function, mass function; radio lines: galaxies
Language:English
Date:August 2009
Deposited On:26 Feb 2010 14:25
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:56
Publisher:Institute of Physics Publishing
ISSN:0004-6256
Funders:NSF [AST-0607007, AST-9397661], Brinson Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-6256/138/2/338
Related URLs:http://arxiv.org/abs/0906.2178
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-30874

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