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Low-dose CT and cardiac MR for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease: accuracy of single and combined approaches


Scheffel, H; Stolzmann, P; Alkadhi, H; Azemaj, N; Plass, A; Baumueller, S; Desbiolles, L; Leschka, S; Kozerke, S; Falk, V; Boesiger, P; Wyss, C; Marincek, B; Donati, O F (2010). Low-dose CT and cardiac MR for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease: accuracy of single and combined approaches. International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 26(5):579-590.

Abstract

To prospectively compare the diagnostic performance of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and combinations thereof for the diagnosis of significant coronary stenoses. Forty-three consecutive patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease underwent catheter coronary angiography (CA), dual-source CTCA with prospective electrocardiography-gating, and cardiac CMR (1.5 Tesla). The following tests were analyzed: (1) low-dose CTCA, (2) adenosine stress-rest perfusion-CMR, (3) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), (4) perfusion-CMR and LGE, (5) low-dose CTCA combined with perfusion-CMR, (5) low-dose CTCA combined with late gadolinium-enhancement, (6) low-dose CTCA combined with perfusion-CMR and LGE. CA served as the standard of reference. CA revealed >50% diameter stenoses in 68/129 (57.7%) coronary arteries in 29/43 (70%) patients. In the patient-based analysis, sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV of low-dose CTCA for the detection of significant stenoses were 100, 92.9, 100 and 96.7%, respectively. For perfusion-CMR and LGE, sensitivity, specificity, NPV, PPV, and accuracy were 89.7, 100, 82.4, and 100%, respectively. In the artery-based analysis, sensitivity and NPV of low-dose CTCA was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of perfusion-CMR and LGE. All combinations of low-dose CTCA and perfusion-CMR and/or LGE did not improve the diagnostic performance when compared to low-dose CTCA alone. Taking CA as standard of reference, low-dose CTCA outperforms CMR with regard to sensitivity and NPV, whereas CMR is more specific and has a higher PPV than low-dose CTCA.

To prospectively compare the diagnostic performance of low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) and combinations thereof for the diagnosis of significant coronary stenoses. Forty-three consecutive patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease underwent catheter coronary angiography (CA), dual-source CTCA with prospective electrocardiography-gating, and cardiac CMR (1.5 Tesla). The following tests were analyzed: (1) low-dose CTCA, (2) adenosine stress-rest perfusion-CMR, (3) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), (4) perfusion-CMR and LGE, (5) low-dose CTCA combined with perfusion-CMR, (5) low-dose CTCA combined with late gadolinium-enhancement, (6) low-dose CTCA combined with perfusion-CMR and LGE. CA served as the standard of reference. CA revealed >50% diameter stenoses in 68/129 (57.7%) coronary arteries in 29/43 (70%) patients. In the patient-based analysis, sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV of low-dose CTCA for the detection of significant stenoses were 100, 92.9, 100 and 96.7%, respectively. For perfusion-CMR and LGE, sensitivity, specificity, NPV, PPV, and accuracy were 89.7, 100, 82.4, and 100%, respectively. In the artery-based analysis, sensitivity and NPV of low-dose CTCA was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of perfusion-CMR and LGE. All combinations of low-dose CTCA and perfusion-CMR and/or LGE did not improve the diagnostic performance when compared to low-dose CTCA alone. Taking CA as standard of reference, low-dose CTCA outperforms CMR with regard to sensitivity and NPV, whereas CMR is more specific and has a higher PPV than low-dose CTCA.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Dewey Decimal Classification:170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2010
Deposited On:21 Mar 2010 10:50
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:56
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1569-5794
Additional Information:The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Publisher DOI:10.1007/s10554-010-9595-2
PubMed ID:20146002
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-30981

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