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Rutkowski, S; Gerber, N U; von Hoff, K; Gnekow, A; Bode, U; Graf, N; et al, (2009). Treatment of early childhood medulloblastoma by postoperative chemotherapy and deferred radiotherapy. Neuro-Oncology, 11(2):201-210.

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Abstract

To investigate the utility of postoperative chemotherapy in delaying radiotherapy and to identify prognostic factors in early childhood medulloblastoma, we studied children younger than 3 years of age registered to the HIT-SKK'87 (Therapieprotokoll für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder mit Hirntumoren [Brain Tumor Radiotherapy for Infants and Toddlers with Medulloblastoma] 1987) trial who received systemic interval chemotherapy until craniospinal radiotherapy was applied at 3 years of age or at relapse, from 1987 to 1993. Children with postoperative residual tumor or metastatic disease received systemic induction chemotherapy prior to interval chemotherapy. Twenty-nine children were eligible for analyses (median age, 1.7 years; median follow-up, 12.6 years). In children without macroscopic metastases, rates (+/-SEM) for 10-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 52.9% +/- 12.1% and 58.8% +/- 11.9% (complete resection), and 55.6% +/- 16.6% and 66.7% +/- 15.7% (incomplete resection), compared with 0% and 0% in children with macroscopic metastases. Survival was superior in nine children with desmoplastic or extensive nodular histology compared with 20 children with classic medulloblastoma (10-year PFS, 88.9% +/- 10.5% and 30.0% +/- 10.3%, p = 0.003; OS, 88.9% +/- 10.5% and 40.0% +/- 11.0%, p = 0.006). Eleven of 12 children with tumor progression during chemotherapy had classic medulloblastoma. After treatment, IQ scores were inferior compared with nonirradiated children from the subsequent study, HIT-SKK'92. Classic histology, metastatic disease, and male gender were independent adverse risk factors for PFS and OS in 72 children from HIT-SKK'87 and HIT-SKK'92 combined. In terms of survival, craniospinal radiotherapy was successfully delayed especially in young children with medulloblastoma of desmoplastic/extensive nodular histology, which was a strong independent favorable prognostic factor. Because of the neurocognitive deficits of survivors, the emerging concepts to avoid craniospinal radiotherapy should rely on the histological medulloblastoma subtype.

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37 citations in Web of Science®
42 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Contributors:German Pediatric Brain Tumor Study Group
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
DDC:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:09 Mar 2010 11:45
Last Modified:27 Nov 2013 20:32
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1522-8517
Publisher DOI:10.1215/15228517-2008-084
PubMed ID:18818397

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