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Treatment of early childhood medulloblastoma by postoperative chemotherapy and deferred radiotherapy


Rutkowski, S; Gerber, N U; von Hoff, K; Gnekow, A; Bode, U; Graf, N; et al (2009). Treatment of early childhood medulloblastoma by postoperative chemotherapy and deferred radiotherapy. Neuro-Oncology, 11(2):201-210.

Abstract

To investigate the utility of postoperative chemotherapy in delaying radiotherapy and to identify prognostic factors in early childhood medulloblastoma, we studied children younger than 3 years of age registered to the HIT-SKK'87 (Therapieprotokoll für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder mit Hirntumoren [Brain Tumor Radiotherapy for Infants and Toddlers with Medulloblastoma] 1987) trial who received systemic interval chemotherapy until craniospinal radiotherapy was applied at 3 years of age or at relapse, from 1987 to 1993. Children with postoperative residual tumor or metastatic disease received systemic induction chemotherapy prior to interval chemotherapy. Twenty-nine children were eligible for analyses (median age, 1.7 years; median follow-up, 12.6 years). In children without macroscopic metastases, rates (+/-SEM) for 10-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 52.9% +/- 12.1% and 58.8% +/- 11.9% (complete resection), and 55.6% +/- 16.6% and 66.7% +/- 15.7% (incomplete resection), compared with 0% and 0% in children with macroscopic metastases. Survival was superior in nine children with desmoplastic or extensive nodular histology compared with 20 children with classic medulloblastoma (10-year PFS, 88.9% +/- 10.5% and 30.0% +/- 10.3%, p = 0.003; OS, 88.9% +/- 10.5% and 40.0% +/- 11.0%, p = 0.006). Eleven of 12 children with tumor progression during chemotherapy had classic medulloblastoma. After treatment, IQ scores were inferior compared with nonirradiated children from the subsequent study, HIT-SKK'92. Classic histology, metastatic disease, and male gender were independent adverse risk factors for PFS and OS in 72 children from HIT-SKK'87 and HIT-SKK'92 combined. In terms of survival, craniospinal radiotherapy was successfully delayed especially in young children with medulloblastoma of desmoplastic/extensive nodular histology, which was a strong independent favorable prognostic factor. Because of the neurocognitive deficits of survivors, the emerging concepts to avoid craniospinal radiotherapy should rely on the histological medulloblastoma subtype.

To investigate the utility of postoperative chemotherapy in delaying radiotherapy and to identify prognostic factors in early childhood medulloblastoma, we studied children younger than 3 years of age registered to the HIT-SKK'87 (Therapieprotokoll für Säuglinge und Kleinkinder mit Hirntumoren [Brain Tumor Radiotherapy for Infants and Toddlers with Medulloblastoma] 1987) trial who received systemic interval chemotherapy until craniospinal radiotherapy was applied at 3 years of age or at relapse, from 1987 to 1993. Children with postoperative residual tumor or metastatic disease received systemic induction chemotherapy prior to interval chemotherapy. Twenty-nine children were eligible for analyses (median age, 1.7 years; median follow-up, 12.6 years). In children without macroscopic metastases, rates (+/-SEM) for 10-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 52.9% +/- 12.1% and 58.8% +/- 11.9% (complete resection), and 55.6% +/- 16.6% and 66.7% +/- 15.7% (incomplete resection), compared with 0% and 0% in children with macroscopic metastases. Survival was superior in nine children with desmoplastic or extensive nodular histology compared with 20 children with classic medulloblastoma (10-year PFS, 88.9% +/- 10.5% and 30.0% +/- 10.3%, p = 0.003; OS, 88.9% +/- 10.5% and 40.0% +/- 11.0%, p = 0.006). Eleven of 12 children with tumor progression during chemotherapy had classic medulloblastoma. After treatment, IQ scores were inferior compared with nonirradiated children from the subsequent study, HIT-SKK'92. Classic histology, metastatic disease, and male gender were independent adverse risk factors for PFS and OS in 72 children from HIT-SKK'87 and HIT-SKK'92 combined. In terms of survival, craniospinal radiotherapy was successfully delayed especially in young children with medulloblastoma of desmoplastic/extensive nodular histology, which was a strong independent favorable prognostic factor. Because of the neurocognitive deficits of survivors, the emerging concepts to avoid craniospinal radiotherapy should rely on the histological medulloblastoma subtype.

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Additional indexing

Contributors:German Pediatric Brain Tumor Study Group
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:09 Mar 2010 11:45
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:56
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1522-8517
Publisher DOI:10.1215/15228517-2008-084
PubMed ID:18818397

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