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OBJECTIVE: To determine effects of dietary fat content on vascular responses in different conduit arteries in mice. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Vascular responses to reactive oxygen species (ROS)/hydroxyl radical (.OH), acetylcholine (ACh), endothelin-1 (ET-1), and angiotensin II (Ang II) were determined in carotid and femoral arteries of C57BL/6J mice fed with diets varying in fat content (low fat (LF), 12.3%; high fat (HF), 41%; and very high fat (VHF), 58% (kcal from fat)) for 15 weeks, beginning at 4 weeks of age. RESULTS: In precontracted rings of carotid and femoral artery, ROS/.OH-induced a rapid, transient vasodilation. In the carotid, but not in femoral artery, ROS/.OH-induced dilation increased with increasing dietary fat intake (P < 0.05 vs. LF diet), while contractile responses to ROS/.OH remained unaffected. In femoral arteries, ROS/.OH-induced contractions were reversed into relaxations after both HF and VHF diet (P < 0.05 vs. LF diet). Both ET-1 and Ang II induced strong contractions in the femoral artery that were unaffected by dietary fat intake. In contrast, in the carotid artery Ang II-induced contraction was attenuated after HF and VHF diets (P < 0.005 vs. LF diet), whereas ET-1-induced vasoconstriction was significantly increased (P < 0.05 VHF vs. LF and HF). Treatment with VHF diet enhanced ACh-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxation only in the femoral artery (P < 0.05 vs. HF). DISCUSSION: These findings demonstrate that dietary fat content has regional and distinct effects on vascular function in different vascular beds. The data also suggest the possibility that in selected conduit arteries ROS-dependent vasodilator mechanisms become activated in response to increased dietary fat intake.
|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Date:||24 January 2008|
|Deposited On:||22 Aug 2008 16:28|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 23:09|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Citations:||Web of Science®. Times Cited: 14|
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