UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Overview of Aspergillus allergens


Crameri, R; Glaser, A G; Vilhelmsson, M; Zeller, S; Rhyner, C (2010). Overview of Aspergillus allergens. In: Pasqualotto, A C. Aspergillosis: From Diagnosis to Prevention. Netherlands: Springer, 655-669.

Abstract

Fungi in general and, Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus) in particular, are able to produce complex patterns of IgE-binding molecules. Robotics-based high throughput screening of A. fumigatus cDNA libraries displayed on phage surfaces revealed at last 81 different sequences encoding structures potentially able to bind to serum IgE of sensitised individuals suffering from A. fumigatus-related complications. Although not all of these allergens have been characterised in detail, A. fumigatus still represents the best investigated allergenic source. A total of 23 A. fumigatus allergens are recorded by the official allergen list of the International Union of Immunological Societies (http://www.allergen.org) and this is by far the longest allergen list reported for a single allergenic source. The IgE-binding molecules include species-specific as well as phylogenetically highly conserved cross-reactive structures and such with unknown function. A subset of cDNAs have been used to produce and characterise the corresponding recombinant allergens which have proven to be useful diagnostic reagents allowing specific detection of A. fumigatus sensitisation and differential diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Structures highly conserved through different species like manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase, P2 acidic ribosomal protein, cyclophilins and thioredoxins induce, beyond sensitisation, IgE antibodies able to cross-react with the corresponding homologous self-antigens. The frequently observed cross-reactivity is traceable back to shared discontinuous B-cell epitopes as shown by detailed analyses of the crystal structures.

Fungi in general and, Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus) in particular, are able to produce complex patterns of IgE-binding molecules. Robotics-based high throughput screening of A. fumigatus cDNA libraries displayed on phage surfaces revealed at last 81 different sequences encoding structures potentially able to bind to serum IgE of sensitised individuals suffering from A. fumigatus-related complications. Although not all of these allergens have been characterised in detail, A. fumigatus still represents the best investigated allergenic source. A total of 23 A. fumigatus allergens are recorded by the official allergen list of the International Union of Immunological Societies (http://www.allergen.org) and this is by far the longest allergen list reported for a single allergenic source. The IgE-binding molecules include species-specific as well as phylogenetically highly conserved cross-reactive structures and such with unknown function. A subset of cDNAs have been used to produce and characterise the corresponding recombinant allergens which have proven to be useful diagnostic reagents allowing specific detection of A. fumigatus sensitisation and differential diagnosis of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis. Structures highly conserved through different species like manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase, P2 acidic ribosomal protein, cyclophilins and thioredoxins induce, beyond sensitisation, IgE antibodies able to cross-react with the corresponding homologous self-antigens. The frequently observed cross-reactivity is traceable back to shared discontinuous B-cell epitopes as shown by detailed analyses of the crystal structures.

Citations

2 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

86 downloads since deposited on 23 Feb 2010
14 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aspergillus - Allergy - Crystal structures - Fungal allergens - IgE-mediated Autoreactivity
Language:English
Date:2 February 2010
Deposited On:23 Feb 2010 11:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:57
Publisher:Springer
ISBN:978-90-481-2407-7 (P) 978-90-481-2408-4 (E)
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-2408-4_38
Related URLs:http://www.springer.com/biomed/book/978-90-481-2407-7
Permanent URL: https://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-31210

Download

[img]
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations