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Endothelin stimulates vascular hydroxyl radical formation: Effect of obesity


Mundy, A L; Haas, E; Bhattacharya, I; Widmer, C C; Kretz, M; Baumann, K; Barton, M (2007). Endothelin stimulates vascular hydroxyl radical formation: Effect of obesity. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 293(6):R2218-R2224.

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) contribute to vascular pathophysiology in obesity. In this context, whether ET-1 modulates hydroxyl radical (*OH) formation and the function of ROS/*OH in obesity is not known. In the present study, formation and function of ROS, including *OH, were investigated in the aorta of lean and leptin-deficient obese ob/ob mice. Hydroxyl radical formation was detected ex vivo using terephthalic acid in intact aortic rings and the involvement of ROS in ET-1-mediated vasoreactivity was analyzed using the antioxidant EPC-K1, a combination of alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid. Generation of either *OH, *O(2)(-), and H(2)O(2) was strongly inhibited by EPC-K1 (all P < 0.05). In obese mice, basal vascular *OH formation and ROS activity were reduced by 3-fold and 5-fold, respectively (P < 0.05 vs. lean). ET-1 markedly enhanced *OH formation in lean (6-fold, P < 0.05 vs. untreated) but not in obese mice. Obesity increased ET-1-induced contractions (P < 0.05 vs. lean), and ROS scavenging further enhanced the response (P < 0.05 vs. untreated). Exogenous ROS, including *OH caused stronger vasodilation in obese animals (P < 0.05 vs. lean), whereas endothelium-dependent relaxation was similar between lean and obese animals. In conclusion, we present a sensitive method allowing ex vivo measurement of vascular *OH generation and provide evidence that ET-1 regulates vascular *OH formation. The data indicate that in obesity, vascular formation of ROS, including *OH is lower, whereas the sensitivity to ROS is increased, suggesting a novel and important role of ROS, including *OH in the regulation of vascular tone in disease status associated with increased body weight.

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) contribute to vascular pathophysiology in obesity. In this context, whether ET-1 modulates hydroxyl radical (*OH) formation and the function of ROS/*OH in obesity is not known. In the present study, formation and function of ROS, including *OH, were investigated in the aorta of lean and leptin-deficient obese ob/ob mice. Hydroxyl radical formation was detected ex vivo using terephthalic acid in intact aortic rings and the involvement of ROS in ET-1-mediated vasoreactivity was analyzed using the antioxidant EPC-K1, a combination of alpha-tocopherol and ascorbic acid. Generation of either *OH, *O(2)(-), and H(2)O(2) was strongly inhibited by EPC-K1 (all P < 0.05). In obese mice, basal vascular *OH formation and ROS activity were reduced by 3-fold and 5-fold, respectively (P < 0.05 vs. lean). ET-1 markedly enhanced *OH formation in lean (6-fold, P < 0.05 vs. untreated) but not in obese mice. Obesity increased ET-1-induced contractions (P < 0.05 vs. lean), and ROS scavenging further enhanced the response (P < 0.05 vs. untreated). Exogenous ROS, including *OH caused stronger vasodilation in obese animals (P < 0.05 vs. lean), whereas endothelium-dependent relaxation was similar between lean and obese animals. In conclusion, we present a sensitive method allowing ex vivo measurement of vascular *OH generation and provide evidence that ET-1 regulates vascular *OH formation. The data indicate that in obesity, vascular formation of ROS, including *OH is lower, whereas the sensitivity to ROS is increased, suggesting a novel and important role of ROS, including *OH in the regulation of vascular tone in disease status associated with increased body weight.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic and Policlinic for Internal Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:December 2007
Deposited On:22 Aug 2008 14:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:26
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:0363-6119
Publisher DOI:10.1152/ajpregu.00295.2007
PubMed ID:17898123
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-3123

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