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Enzymology of base excision repair in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum


Sartori, A A; Jiricny, J (2003). Enzymology of base excision repair in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(27):24563-24576.

Abstract

DNA of all living organisms is constantly modified by exogenous and endogenous reagents. The mutagenic threat of modifications such as methylation, oxidation, and hydrolytic deamination of DNA bases is counteracted by base excision repair (BER). This process is initiated by the action of one of several DNA glycosylases, which removes the aberrant base and thus initiates a cascade of events that involves scission of the DNA backbone, removal of the baseless sugar-phosphate residue, filling in of the resulting single nucleotide gap, and ligation of the remaining nick. We were interested to find out how the BER process functions in hyperthermophiles, organisms growing at temperatures around 100 degrees C, where the rates of these spontaneous reactions are greatly accelerated. In our previous studies, we could show that the crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum has at least three uracil-DNA glycosylases, Pa-UDGa, Pa-UDGb, and Pa-MIG, that can initiate the BER process by catalyzing the removal of uracil residues arising through the spontaneous deamination of cytosines. We now report that the genome of P. aerophilum encodes also the remaining functions necessary for BER and show that a system consisting of four P. aerophilum encoded enzymes, Pa-UDGb, AP endonuclease IV, DNA polymerase B2, and DNA ligase, can efficiently repair a G.U mispair in an oligonucleotide substrate to a G.C pair. Interestingly, the efficiency of the in vitro repair reaction was stimulated by Pa-PCNA1, the processivity clamp of DNA polymerases.

DNA of all living organisms is constantly modified by exogenous and endogenous reagents. The mutagenic threat of modifications such as methylation, oxidation, and hydrolytic deamination of DNA bases is counteracted by base excision repair (BER). This process is initiated by the action of one of several DNA glycosylases, which removes the aberrant base and thus initiates a cascade of events that involves scission of the DNA backbone, removal of the baseless sugar-phosphate residue, filling in of the resulting single nucleotide gap, and ligation of the remaining nick. We were interested to find out how the BER process functions in hyperthermophiles, organisms growing at temperatures around 100 degrees C, where the rates of these spontaneous reactions are greatly accelerated. In our previous studies, we could show that the crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum has at least three uracil-DNA glycosylases, Pa-UDGa, Pa-UDGb, and Pa-MIG, that can initiate the BER process by catalyzing the removal of uracil residues arising through the spontaneous deamination of cytosines. We now report that the genome of P. aerophilum encodes also the remaining functions necessary for BER and show that a system consisting of four P. aerophilum encoded enzymes, Pa-UDGb, AP endonuclease IV, DNA polymerase B2, and DNA ligase, can efficiently repair a G.U mispair in an oligonucleotide substrate to a G.C pair. Interestingly, the efficiency of the in vitro repair reaction was stimulated by Pa-PCNA1, the processivity clamp of DNA polymerases.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 07:18
Last Modified:26 Aug 2016 07:32
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
Additional Information:This research was originally published in: Sartori, A A; Jiricny, J (2003). Enzymology of base excision repair in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(27):24563-24576. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1074/jbc.M302397200
PubMed ID:12730226
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-31239

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