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Functional analysis of MLH1 mutations linked to hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer


Nyström-Lahti, M; Perrera, C; Räschle, M; Panyushkina-Seiler, E; Marra, G; Curci, A; Quaresima, B; Costanzo, F; D'Urso, M; Venuta, S; Jiricny, J (2002). Functional analysis of MLH1 mutations linked to hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer. Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer, 33(2):160-167.

Abstract

Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) is associated with malfunction of postreplicative mismatch repair (MMR). While a majority of HNPCC-associated mutations in the MMR genes MLH1, MSH2, or MSH6 genes cause truncations-and thus loss of function--of the respective polypeptides, little is currently known about the biochemical defects associated with nontruncating mutations. We studied the interactions of six MLH1 variants, carrying either missense mutations or in-frame deletions, with normal PMS2 and tested the functionality of these heterodimers of MLH1 and PMS2 (MutL(alpha)) in an in vitro MMR assay. Three MLH1 carboxy-terminal mutations, consisting of internal deletions of exon 16 (amino acids 578-632) or exon 17 (amino acids 633-663), or a missense R659P mutation in exon 17, affected the formation of a functional MutL(alpha). Interestingly, mutations C77R and I107R in the amino-terminal part of MLH1 did not affect its heterodimerization with PMS2. The complexes MLH1(C77R)/PMS2 and MLH1(I107R)/PMS2, however, failed to complement a MMR-deficient extract lacking a functional MutL(alpha). As all these five mutations were identified in typical HNPCC families and produce nonfunctional proteins, they can be considered disease-causing. In contrast, the third amino-terminal mutation S93G did not affect the heterodimerization, and the MLH1(S93G)/PMS2 variant was functional in the in vitro MMR assay, given thus the nature of the HNPCC family in question. Although the missense mutation segregates with the disease, the mean age of onset in the family is unusually high (approximately 65 years).

Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) is associated with malfunction of postreplicative mismatch repair (MMR). While a majority of HNPCC-associated mutations in the MMR genes MLH1, MSH2, or MSH6 genes cause truncations-and thus loss of function--of the respective polypeptides, little is currently known about the biochemical defects associated with nontruncating mutations. We studied the interactions of six MLH1 variants, carrying either missense mutations or in-frame deletions, with normal PMS2 and tested the functionality of these heterodimers of MLH1 and PMS2 (MutL(alpha)) in an in vitro MMR assay. Three MLH1 carboxy-terminal mutations, consisting of internal deletions of exon 16 (amino acids 578-632) or exon 17 (amino acids 633-663), or a missense R659P mutation in exon 17, affected the formation of a functional MutL(alpha). Interestingly, mutations C77R and I107R in the amino-terminal part of MLH1 did not affect its heterodimerization with PMS2. The complexes MLH1(C77R)/PMS2 and MLH1(I107R)/PMS2, however, failed to complement a MMR-deficient extract lacking a functional MutL(alpha). As all these five mutations were identified in typical HNPCC families and produce nonfunctional proteins, they can be considered disease-causing. In contrast, the third amino-terminal mutation S93G did not affect the heterodimerization, and the MLH1(S93G)/PMS2 variant was functional in the in vitro MMR assay, given thus the nature of the HNPCC family in question. Although the missense mutation segregates with the disease, the mean age of onset in the family is unusually high (approximately 65 years).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2002
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 14:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:58
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1045-2257
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/gcc.1225
PubMed ID:11793442
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-31463

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