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Endometrial and colorectal tumors from patients with hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer display different patterns of microsatellite instability


Kuismanen, S A; Moisio, A-L; Schweizer, P; Truninger, K; Salovaara, R; Arola, J; Butzow, R; Jiricny, J; Nyström-Lahti, M; Peltomäki, P (2002). Endometrial and colorectal tumors from patients with hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer display different patterns of microsatellite instability. American Journal of Pathology, 160(6):1953-1958.

Abstract

The colorectum and uterine endometrium are the two most commonly affected organs in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), but the genetic basis of organ selection is poorly understood. As tumorigenesis in HNPCC is driven by deficient DNA mismatch repair (MMR), we compared its typical consequence, instability at microsatellite sequences, in colorectal and endometrial cancers from patients with identical predisposing mutations in the MMR genes MLH1 or MSH2. Analysis of non-coding (BAT25, BAT26, and BAT40) and coding mononucleotide repeats (MSH6, MSH3, MLH3, BAX, IGF2R, TGF beta RII, and PTEN), as well as MLH1- and MSH2-linked dinucleotide repeats (D3S1611 and CA7) revealed significant differences, both quantitative and qualitative, between the two tumor types. Whereas colorectal cancers displayed a predominant pattern consisting of instability at the BAT loci (in 89% of tumors), TGF beta RII (73%), dinucleotide repeats (70%), MSH3 (43%), and BAX (30%), no such single pattern was discernible in endometrial cancers. Instead, the pattern was more heterogeneous and involved a lower proportion of unstable markers per tumor (mean 0.27 for endometrial cancers versus 0.45 for colorectal cancers, P < 0.001) and shorter allelic shifts for BAT markers (average 5.1 bp for unstable endometrial cancers versus 9.3 bp for colorectal cancers, P < 0.001). Among the individual putative "target" loci, PTEN instability was associated with endometrial cancers and TGF beta RII instability with colon cancers. The different instability profiles in endometrial and colorectal cancers despite identical genetic predisposition underlines organ-specific differences that may be important determinants of the HNPCC tumor spectrum.

The colorectum and uterine endometrium are the two most commonly affected organs in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC), but the genetic basis of organ selection is poorly understood. As tumorigenesis in HNPCC is driven by deficient DNA mismatch repair (MMR), we compared its typical consequence, instability at microsatellite sequences, in colorectal and endometrial cancers from patients with identical predisposing mutations in the MMR genes MLH1 or MSH2. Analysis of non-coding (BAT25, BAT26, and BAT40) and coding mononucleotide repeats (MSH6, MSH3, MLH3, BAX, IGF2R, TGF beta RII, and PTEN), as well as MLH1- and MSH2-linked dinucleotide repeats (D3S1611 and CA7) revealed significant differences, both quantitative and qualitative, between the two tumor types. Whereas colorectal cancers displayed a predominant pattern consisting of instability at the BAT loci (in 89% of tumors), TGF beta RII (73%), dinucleotide repeats (70%), MSH3 (43%), and BAX (30%), no such single pattern was discernible in endometrial cancers. Instead, the pattern was more heterogeneous and involved a lower proportion of unstable markers per tumor (mean 0.27 for endometrial cancers versus 0.45 for colorectal cancers, P < 0.001) and shorter allelic shifts for BAT markers (average 5.1 bp for unstable endometrial cancers versus 9.3 bp for colorectal cancers, P < 0.001). Among the individual putative "target" loci, PTEN instability was associated with endometrial cancers and TGF beta RII instability with colon cancers. The different instability profiles in endometrial and colorectal cancers despite identical genetic predisposition underlines organ-specific differences that may be important determinants of the HNPCC tumor spectrum.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2002
Deposited On:09 Jul 2010 14:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:58
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0002-9440
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)61144-3
Official URL:http://ajp.amjpathol.org/cgi/content/full/160/6/1953
PubMed ID:12057899
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-31471

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