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Integrating health issues into the conservation of the Iberian lync (Lynx pardinus)


Martínez, F; López, G; Pastor, J; Zorrilla, I; Muñoz, A; García, I; Peña, L; Jiménez, M A; Pérez, M J; Molina, I; Aguilar, J M; Quevedo, M A; Meli, M L; Lutz, H; Vargas, A (2009). Integrating health issues into the conservation of the Iberian lync (Lynx pardinus). In: Vargas, A; Breitenmoser, C; Breitenmoser, U. Conservación ex-situ del Lince ibérico : un enfoque multidisciplinar = Iberian lynx ex situ conservation : an interdisciplicanary approach. Madrid: Fundación Biodiversidad, 166-183.

Abstract

Conservation actions for the endangered Iberian lynx require the integration of expertise and veterinary skills into an interdisciplinary effort. Veterinary actions are overseen by the Iberian Lynx Health Advisory Group (GAAS). These actions involve developing and implementing working protocols (manuals), anesthetizing animals, collecting samples, performing examinations and necropsies, preparing technical reports, and maintaining a biomedical database. Three hundred and eighteen anesthesias of 126 individuals were carried out during the period between December 2003 and December 2008, 60 of them belonged to the free-ranging population. In most cases, the animals were captured with a box-trap. A combination of ketamine and medetomidine was used for chemical immobilization. It was supplemented with isoflurane when necessary. Fifty two necropsies were performed in the same period, 38 of them on free-ranging animals, revealing road-kills as the main cause of mortality. Intensive monitoring of the free-ranging population has shown that infectious diseases (feline leukemia, tuberculosis, canine distemper, feline panleukopenia) can be a serious threat to the survival of the species. A preventive medicine programme is being implemented with the captive breeding population. It includes quarantines, vaccinations, fecal analyses, fecal cultures, and regular examinations of the animals. Several clinical cases in this population have been described: miscarriages and premature births, clostridiosis, dermatitis, chlamydiosis, enteritis with fecal retention, tooth abscess, idiopathic chylothorax, dermatomycosis, perianal gland inflammation, umbilical hernias and epilepsy. Scientific knowledge generated through the various clinical procedures, tests, and monitoring programs is applied to the management and conservation of this species.

Conservation actions for the endangered Iberian lynx require the integration of expertise and veterinary skills into an interdisciplinary effort. Veterinary actions are overseen by the Iberian Lynx Health Advisory Group (GAAS). These actions involve developing and implementing working protocols (manuals), anesthetizing animals, collecting samples, performing examinations and necropsies, preparing technical reports, and maintaining a biomedical database. Three hundred and eighteen anesthesias of 126 individuals were carried out during the period between December 2003 and December 2008, 60 of them belonged to the free-ranging population. In most cases, the animals were captured with a box-trap. A combination of ketamine and medetomidine was used for chemical immobilization. It was supplemented with isoflurane when necessary. Fifty two necropsies were performed in the same period, 38 of them on free-ranging animals, revealing road-kills as the main cause of mortality. Intensive monitoring of the free-ranging population has shown that infectious diseases (feline leukemia, tuberculosis, canine distemper, feline panleukopenia) can be a serious threat to the survival of the species. A preventive medicine programme is being implemented with the captive breeding population. It includes quarantines, vaccinations, fecal analyses, fecal cultures, and regular examinations of the animals. Several clinical cases in this population have been described: miscarriages and premature births, clostridiosis, dermatitis, chlamydiosis, enteritis with fecal retention, tooth abscess, idiopathic chylothorax, dermatomycosis, perianal gland inflammation, umbilical hernias and epilepsy. Scientific knowledge generated through the various clinical procedures, tests, and monitoring programs is applied to the management and conservation of this species.

Additional indexing

Other titles:Integración de los aspectos sanitarios en la conservación del lince ibérico (Lynx pardinus)
Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Date:2009
Deposited On:22 Feb 2010 14:55
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 13:59
Publisher:Fundación Biodiversidad
Official URL:http://www.fundacion-biodiversidad.es/images/stories/recursos/home/2009/LIBRO_LINCE_BLOQUE.pdf
Related URLs:http://www.fundacion-biodiversidad.es/ (Publisher)

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