Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-32123
Flahaut, M; Meier, R; Coulon, A; Nardou, K A; Niggli, F K; Martinet, D; Beckmann, J S; Joseph, J-M; Mühlethaler-Mottet, A; Gross, N (2009). The Wnt receptor FZD1 mediates chemoresistance in neuroblastoma through activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway. Oncogene, 28(23):2245-2256.
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The development of chemoresistance represents a major obstacle in the successful treatment of cancers such as neuroblastoma (NB), a particularly aggressive childhood solid tumour. The mechanisms underlying the chemoresistant phenotype in NB were addressed by gene expression profiling of two doxorubicin (DoxR)-resistant vs sensitive parental cell lines. Not surprisingly, the MDR1 gene was included in the identified upregulated genes, although the highest overexpressed transcript in both cell lines was the frizzled-1 Wnt receptor (FZD1) gene, an essential component of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway. FZD1 upregulation in resistant variants was shown to mediate sustained activation of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway as revealed by nuclear beta-catenin translocation and target genes transactivation. Interestingly, specific micro-adapted short hairpin RNA (shRNAmir)-mediated FZD1 silencing induced parallel strong decrease in the expression of MDR1, another beta-catenin target gene, revealing a complex, Wnt/beta-catenin-mediated implication of FZD1 in chemoresistance. The significant restoration of drug sensitivity in FZD1-silenced cells confirmed the FZD1-associated chemoresistance. RNA samples from 21 patient tumours (diagnosis and postchemotherapy), showed a highly significant FZD1 and/or MDR1 overexpression after treatment, underlining a role for FZD1-mediated Wnt/beta-catenin pathway in clinical chemoresistance. Our data represent the first implication of the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway in NB chemoresistance and identify potential new targets to treat aggressive and resistant NB.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic|
|DDC:||610 Medicine & health|
|Deposited On:||11 Mar 2010 08:35|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 20:53|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
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