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Factors affecting post minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting incidence of myocardial infarction, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass grafting and mortality of cardiac origin


Kofidis, T; Paeschke, H G; Lichtenberg, A; Emmert, M Y; Woitek, F; Didilis, V; Haverich, A; Klima, U (2009). Factors affecting post minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting incidence of myocardial infarction, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass grafting and mortality of cardiac origin. Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, 8(1):49-53.

Abstract

In the present study we identify parameters which influence the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), need for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and cardiac mortality after minimal invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCABG). With a mean follow-up of 30+/-11.2 months, 390 patients were assessed with Wald test-corrected chi(2) analysis to identify preoperative factors which correlate with a higher incidence of post-MIDCABG MI, PCI, CABG and mortality from cardiac causes. We found an increased incidence of postoperative MI in patients with 2-vessel (8.7%) and 3-vessel (7.7%) vs. 1.3% 1-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) (P=0.023), and in patients with preceding cardiac procedure (CABG and PCI: 8.4% vs. 2.0% without, P=0.023). Also diabetes was associated with higher post-MIDCABG frequency of MI (P=0.035). Severity of angina was associated with lesser post-MIDCAB-PCI (P=0.011) while preceding CABG predicted a higher incidence (P=0.012). Preoperative low ejection fraction (EF) (multivariate, P<0.001), preoperative MI (P=0.007) and extent of CAD (P=0.001) were associated with a higher post-MIDCABG mortality. None of the parameters correlated with subsequent CABG MIDCABG. The extent and history of CAD, history of cardiac interventions and low EF seem to influence the outcome adversely and should be considered deciding pro or against the MIDCAB-option.

Abstract

In the present study we identify parameters which influence the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), need for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and cardiac mortality after minimal invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCABG). With a mean follow-up of 30+/-11.2 months, 390 patients were assessed with Wald test-corrected chi(2) analysis to identify preoperative factors which correlate with a higher incidence of post-MIDCABG MI, PCI, CABG and mortality from cardiac causes. We found an increased incidence of postoperative MI in patients with 2-vessel (8.7%) and 3-vessel (7.7%) vs. 1.3% 1-vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) (P=0.023), and in patients with preceding cardiac procedure (CABG and PCI: 8.4% vs. 2.0% without, P=0.023). Also diabetes was associated with higher post-MIDCABG frequency of MI (P=0.035). Severity of angina was associated with lesser post-MIDCAB-PCI (P=0.011) while preceding CABG predicted a higher incidence (P=0.012). Preoperative low ejection fraction (EF) (multivariate, P<0.001), preoperative MI (P=0.007) and extent of CAD (P=0.001) were associated with a higher post-MIDCABG mortality. None of the parameters correlated with subsequent CABG MIDCABG. The extent and history of CAD, history of cardiac interventions and low EF seem to influence the outcome adversely and should be considered deciding pro or against the MIDCAB-option.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:05 Mar 2010 10:12
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:00
Publisher:European Association of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
ISSN:1569-9285
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1510/icvts.2008.185280
PubMed ID:18786942

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