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Aminophosphine palladium pincer complexes for Suzuki and Heck reactions


Bolliger, J L; Frech, C M (2009). Aminophosphine palladium pincer complexes for Suzuki and Heck reactions. CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 63(1-2):23-28.

Abstract

The aminophosphine-based pincer complexes [C6H3-2,6-{NHP(piperidinyl)2}2Pd(Cl)] (2) and [C6H3-2,6-{OP(piperidinyl)2}2Pd(Cl)] (3) are readily prepared from cheap starting materials by sequential addition of 1,1′,1″-phosphinetriyltripiperidine and 1,3-diaminobenzene or resorcinol to solutions of [Pd(cod)(Cl)2] (cod = cyclooctadiene) in toluene under N2 in 'one pot'. Compounds 2 and 3 proved to be not only excellent catalysts for the Suzuki and the Heck cross-coupling reactions, but they are also very convenient to use: The toluene solutions of the 'one-pot' syntheses can be used directly for the catalytic reactions, thereby saving the time-consuming isolation of the catalysts. The Suzuki cross-coupling reaction catalyzed by 2 and 3 can be performed in air at 100 °C in toluene of technical quality: in the presence of only 0.001mol% of catalyst, several electronically deactivated and sterically hindered aryl bromides are quantitatively coupled with phenylboronic acid within a few minutes of reaction time. Furthermore, complex 2 enables the use of activated and non-activated aryl chlorides as coupling partners in the Suzuki reaction. Compounds 2 and 3 have also been shown to be highly active and reliable Heck catalysts: Very low catalyst loadings and short reaction times are required for the quantitative coupling of several electronically deactivated and sterically hindered aryl bromides with various olefins at 140 °C. At increased temperatures, even electronically deactivated and sterically hindered aryl chlorides can be efficiently coupled with olefins in the presence of only 0.01 mol% of catalyst.

The aminophosphine-based pincer complexes [C6H3-2,6-{NHP(piperidinyl)2}2Pd(Cl)] (2) and [C6H3-2,6-{OP(piperidinyl)2}2Pd(Cl)] (3) are readily prepared from cheap starting materials by sequential addition of 1,1′,1″-phosphinetriyltripiperidine and 1,3-diaminobenzene or resorcinol to solutions of [Pd(cod)(Cl)2] (cod = cyclooctadiene) in toluene under N2 in 'one pot'. Compounds 2 and 3 proved to be not only excellent catalysts for the Suzuki and the Heck cross-coupling reactions, but they are also very convenient to use: The toluene solutions of the 'one-pot' syntheses can be used directly for the catalytic reactions, thereby saving the time-consuming isolation of the catalysts. The Suzuki cross-coupling reaction catalyzed by 2 and 3 can be performed in air at 100 °C in toluene of technical quality: in the presence of only 0.001mol% of catalyst, several electronically deactivated and sterically hindered aryl bromides are quantitatively coupled with phenylboronic acid within a few minutes of reaction time. Furthermore, complex 2 enables the use of activated and non-activated aryl chlorides as coupling partners in the Suzuki reaction. Compounds 2 and 3 have also been shown to be highly active and reliable Heck catalysts: Very low catalyst loadings and short reaction times are required for the quantitative coupling of several electronically deactivated and sterically hindered aryl bromides with various olefins at 140 °C. At increased temperatures, even electronically deactivated and sterically hindered aryl chlorides can be efficiently coupled with olefins in the presence of only 0.01 mol% of catalyst.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:February 2009
Deposited On:03 Mar 2010 09:46
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:01
Publisher:Swiss Chemical Society
ISSN:0009-4293
Additional Information:Copyright ©Swiss Chemical Society: Volume 63, Numbers 1-2, February 2009, pp. 23-28
Publisher DOI:10.2533/chimia.2009.23
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-32375

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