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Cone versus rod disease in a mutant Rpgr mouse caused by different genetic backgrounds


Brunner, S; Skosyrski, S; Kirschner-Schwabe, R; Knobeloch, K-P; Neidhardt, J; Feil, S; Glaus, E; Luhmann, U F O; Rüther, K; Berger, W (2010). Cone versus rod disease in a mutant Rpgr mouse caused by different genetic backgrounds. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 51(2):1106-1115.

Abstract

PURPOSE. To establish mouse models for RPGR-associated diseases by generating and characterizing an Rpgr mutation (inframe deletion of exon 4) in two different genetic backgrounds(BL/6 and BALB/c).
METHODS. Gene targeting in embryonic stem (ES) cells was
performed to introduce a in-frame deletion of exon 4 in the
Rpgr gene (RpgrEx4). Subsequently, the mutation was introduced in two different inbred mouse strains by successive breeding. Mutant and wild-type mice of both strains were characterized by electroretinography (ERG) and histology at five time points (1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months). RPGR transcript amounts were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. A variety of photoreceptor proteins, including RPGR-ORF15, RPGRIP, PDE6/PrBP, rhodopsin, and cone opsin, were localized on retinal sections by immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS. Mislocalization of rhodopsin and cone opsin was an
early pathologic event in mutant mice of both lines. In contrast, RPGR-ORF15 as well as RPGRIP1 and PDE6/PrBP
showed similar localizations in mutant and wild-type animals. Functional and histologic studies revealed a mild rod-dominated phenotype in mutant male mice on the BL/6 background, whereas a cone-dominated phenotype was observed
for the same mutation in the BALB/c background.
CONCLUSIONS. Both Rpgr mutant mouse lines developed retinal
disease with a striking effect of the genetic background. Conespecific modifiers might influence the retinal phenotype in the BALB/c strain. The two lines provide models to study RPGR function in rods and cones, respectively. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51:1106–1115) DOI:10.1167/iovs.08-2742

PURPOSE. To establish mouse models for RPGR-associated diseases by generating and characterizing an Rpgr mutation (inframe deletion of exon 4) in two different genetic backgrounds(BL/6 and BALB/c).
METHODS. Gene targeting in embryonic stem (ES) cells was
performed to introduce a in-frame deletion of exon 4 in the
Rpgr gene (RpgrEx4). Subsequently, the mutation was introduced in two different inbred mouse strains by successive breeding. Mutant and wild-type mice of both strains were characterized by electroretinography (ERG) and histology at five time points (1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months). RPGR transcript amounts were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. A variety of photoreceptor proteins, including RPGR-ORF15, RPGRIP, PDE6/PrBP, rhodopsin, and cone opsin, were localized on retinal sections by immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS. Mislocalization of rhodopsin and cone opsin was an
early pathologic event in mutant mice of both lines. In contrast, RPGR-ORF15 as well as RPGRIP1 and PDE6/PrBP
showed similar localizations in mutant and wild-type animals. Functional and histologic studies revealed a mild rod-dominated phenotype in mutant male mice on the BL/6 background, whereas a cone-dominated phenotype was observed
for the same mutation in the BALB/c background.
CONCLUSIONS. Both Rpgr mutant mouse lines developed retinal
disease with a striking effect of the genetic background. Conespecific modifiers might influence the retinal phenotype in the BALB/c strain. The two lines provide models to study RPGR function in rods and cones, respectively. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51:1106–1115) DOI:10.1167/iovs.08-2742

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Molecular Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2010
Deposited On:26 Mar 2010 14:40
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:03
Publisher:Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
ISSN:0146-0404
Publisher DOI:10.1167/iovs.08-2742
PubMed ID:20007830
Permanent URL: http://doi.org/10.5167/uzh-33011

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