Permanent URL to this publication: http://dx.doi.org/10.5167/uzh-33011
Brunner, S; Skosyrski, S; Kirschner-Schwabe, R; Knobeloch, K-P; Neidhardt, J; Feil, S; Glaus, E; Luhmann, U F O; Rüther, K; Berger, W (2010). Cone versus rod disease in a mutant Rpgr mouse caused by different genetic backgrounds. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 51(2):1106-1115.
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PURPOSE. To establish mouse models for RPGR-associated diseases by generating and characterizing an Rpgr mutation (inframe deletion of exon 4) in two different genetic backgrounds(BL/6 and BALB/c).
METHODS. Gene targeting in embryonic stem (ES) cells was
performed to introduce a in-frame deletion of exon 4 in the
Rpgr gene (RpgrEx4). Subsequently, the mutation was introduced in two different inbred mouse strains by successive breeding. Mutant and wild-type mice of both strains were characterized by electroretinography (ERG) and histology at five time points (1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months). RPGR transcript amounts were assessed by quantitative RT-PCR. A variety of photoreceptor proteins, including RPGR-ORF15, RPGRIP, PDE6/PrBP, rhodopsin, and cone opsin, were localized on retinal sections by immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS. Mislocalization of rhodopsin and cone opsin was an
early pathologic event in mutant mice of both lines. In contrast, RPGR-ORF15 as well as RPGRIP1 and PDE6/PrBP
showed similar localizations in mutant and wild-type animals. Functional and histologic studies revealed a mild rod-dominated phenotype in mutant male mice on the BL/6 background, whereas a cone-dominated phenotype was observed
for the same mutation in the BALB/c background.
CONCLUSIONS. Both Rpgr mutant mouse lines developed retinal
disease with a striking effect of the genetic background. Conespecific modifiers might influence the retinal phenotype in the BALB/c strain. The two lines provide models to study RPGR function in rods and cones, respectively. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51:1106–1115) DOI:10.1167/iovs.08-2742
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|Item Type:||Journal Article, refereed, original work|
|Communities & Collections:||04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Molecular Genetics|
|Dewey Decimal Classification:||570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
|Deposited On:||26 Mar 2010 14:40|
|Last Modified:||27 Nov 2013 18:59|
|Publisher:||Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology|
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