# Development II - Zurich Open Repository and Archive

Korf, Benedikt (2009). Development II. In: Kitchin, R. International Encyclopedia of Human Geography. Oxford: Elsevier, 117 - 122.

## Abstract

Development is not thinkable without a functioning state. Many postcolonial societies, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia, experience processes of a disintegrating state that fails to deliver development and security. In its most extreme case, such state failure can lead to complete state collapse, coupled with civil war and protracted violent conflict. In the Western discourses of development, state collapse is often seen as exemplified in so-called new wars that are based on warlordism and bush economies. In this sense, state collapse is an imagined geographical space of the []other' of development, progress, and security, a failure of modernity. However, state failure and collapse are integrated in processes of economic globalization. Explanations of state failure and state collapse therefore emphasize internal and external factors. Functionalist arguments focus on the social, economic, and political functions of a state and explain the failure to deliver these with the crumbling authoritarianism, neopatrimonialism of postcolonial elites, and the emergence of global nonformal economic networks of resource appropriation. In response to these new challenges, donor discourses focus on how humanitarian aid and development assistance can be delivered in such complex emergencies. With the advent of 11 September 2001 and the global terrorism discourse, development and security have become intertwined in the doctrine of rebuilding the state in war-torn societies.

## Abstract

Development is not thinkable without a functioning state. Many postcolonial societies, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Central Asia, experience processes of a disintegrating state that fails to deliver development and security. In its most extreme case, such state failure can lead to complete state collapse, coupled with civil war and protracted violent conflict. In the Western discourses of development, state collapse is often seen as exemplified in so-called new wars that are based on warlordism and bush economies. In this sense, state collapse is an imagined geographical space of the []other' of development, progress, and security, a failure of modernity. However, state failure and collapse are integrated in processes of economic globalization. Explanations of state failure and state collapse therefore emphasize internal and external factors. Functionalist arguments focus on the social, economic, and political functions of a state and explain the failure to deliver these with the crumbling authoritarianism, neopatrimonialism of postcolonial elites, and the emergence of global nonformal economic networks of resource appropriation. In response to these new challenges, donor discourses focus on how humanitarian aid and development assistance can be delivered in such complex emergencies. With the advent of 11 September 2001 and the global terrorism discourse, development and security have become intertwined in the doctrine of rebuilding the state in war-torn societies.

## Altmetrics

Detailed statistics

Item Type: Book Section, refereed, original work 07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography 08 University Research Priority Programs > Asia and Europe 950 History of Asia 180 Ancient, medieval & eastern philosophy 910 Geography & travel Violence English 2009 19 Mar 2010 09:28 05 Apr 2016 14:03 Elsevier 3 978-0-08-044910-4 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008044910-4.00088-2

Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

## TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.